©Copyright: 16 August 2002
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An analysis is offered as to how extra-terrestrial alien "saucers" ease their passage through our low atmosphere at supersonic speeds without sonic "booms" and what electromagnetic radio frequencies may leak from their related (and now patented) Aerodynamic Augmentation Device (AAD).1 Explained are UFO related enigmas like magnetic fields, glowing saucers and the lack of "sonic booms" during high speed encounters.2 Possible UFO related "radar" transmission frequencies are postulated. A method to distinguish alien vs. human produced crop circles is considered.
Historian Gerald K. Haines has revealed that an extraordinary 95 percent of all Americans have at least heard or read something about UFOs, and 57 percent believe they are real." Is it really so shocking then that some of us are trying to discover how they operate? As amazing as it may seem, the basis of advanced alien technology is beginning to become known. For instance, the transistor and stealth technology are rumored to be among the first of such alien sciences adapted for military purposes. The proposed Vehicle Masking Device (VMD3) and the associated UFO Detection Device (UDD4) are others. Demonstrating that something could be accomplished is perhaps the most effective method for humans to accept the fact that it can be done. Otherwise, few high ranking bureaucrats, industrial leaders or venture capitalists would have the courage to step out into a new field of endeavor. Even when this happens, it is often the second tier powers (like England) that produce the simplest of these advancements (e.g. the Harrier, the steam catapult or the angled deck on aircraft carriers). Unfortunately, it is usually the wealthiest countries (like the United States) that exhibit the least imagination when it comes to new technologies. Now, however, the probability that several advanced alien civilizations may be monitoring the development of our species seems to be spurring us on.
Alien saucers ionize the air around their edges by millimeter wave radiation, then "thin" it by separating the ions with a magnetic field so they are effectively flying through a rarefied atmosphere similar in composition to the ionosphere. The diminished pressure gradient eases the boundary layer effects between the saucer's hull and the atmosphere, thereby substantially reducing or completely eliminating the "sonic boom". The saucer's vertical lift and horizontal thrust phenomenon are not considered herein.
Microwave radiation has been associated with UFO activity for a long time. One case,5 occurring on 17 July 1957, the ALA-6 direction finding receiver on an RB-47 reconnaissance aircraft intercepted microwave signals from at least one (and probably two) UFOs. One of the UFOs buzzed the RB-47 near Meridian, Mississippi and two other UFOs later paced the aircraft in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. The UFOs were detected visually and the signals associated with them were monitored by Electronic Counter Measure (ECM) equipment aboard the reconnaissance aircraft. Ground based radar also tracked the UFOs as the RB-47 flew over 700 miles through several states.
The microwave signal parameters intercepted by the RB-47 were a Radio Frequency (RF) of 2.995 to 3.000 Giga-hertz (GHz), a Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) of 600 pulses per second, a Pulse Width of 2.0 microseconds and an apparent sweep rate of 4 revolutions per minute (rpm). An intense bluish white light about the UFO was observed. A red color (an anti-collision light) near the top of the UFOs was noted when two were observed in the immediate vicinity.
It is important to point out that the experienced Electronic Warfare (EW) crew took measures to verify that this signal was coming from moving targets that both maneuvered around and paced their aircraft. One EW officer recalled that the (4 rpm) scan rate appeared to be artificially generated so the signal could (purposely) be confused with the CPS-6B ground based radars widely used at that time.
The author contends that saucers have been using microwave energy to reduce air density in the atmosphere around the saucer's edge by simply heating the surrounding air. McCampbell6 has previously suggested that the transfer of microwave photon momentum (hv/c) is employed to repel the air molecules. But only thermal and magnetic effects are considered in this analysis, although photon momentum transfer will enhance the net effect7. The reduction of both inertial and viscous drag are envisioned because the saucer encounters an artificially rarefied troposphere. Moreover, microwave radiation symmetry all around the edge of the saucer prevents turbulent collapse of the air flow and instead yields a smooth laminar pattern. Thus, these saucers can travel at apparent supersonic velocities at sea level without a sonic boom because the Mach speed increases with decreasing air density. The hot air surrounding the saucers introduces their familiar morphing appearance.
Heating the air around aircraft has been previously suggested as a means to reduce shock waves and ease flight. Schoppe8, in 1971, suggested direct methods for heating the air (e.g. by combustion or nuclear radiation) for purposes of eliminating an aircraft's "sonic boom". Tidman9 suggested the injection and ignition of fuel in front of the aircraft so air density could be reduced. In 1993, Riley10 proposed to use laser energy to reduce air drag and eliminate sonic boom. All the above techniques heat the atmosphere by some means.
The Oxygen microwave absorption peak occurs almost exactly at 60 GHz, and this RF is proposed as the primary RF radiated by the UFO. Both H2O and O2 molecules have substantial dipoles which can easily be excited by microwave radiation. See Figure 1. This is not the case with the Nitrogen molecules as they have no significant dipoles. While two H2O and one O2 absorption bands exist at higher RFs, there would be no need to target them. The strong Oxygen band (60 GHz) will be encountered in any terrestrial atmosphere. It is of interest that 0.2 megawatt tubes that operate at 60 GHz are commercially available.11
|Attenuation Band Media||Attenuation Band Center|
|First H2O Band||22.2 GHz|
|First O2 Band||60 GHz|
|Second O2 Band||119 GHz|
|Second H2O Band||180 GHz|
|Third H2O Band||320 GHz|
Figure 1. One Way Atmospheric Attenuation Of Microwave Radiation.
The 3.0 GHz signal intercepted by the RB-47 is likely a lower harmonic frequency associated with the generation of the primary RF. First, a synthesized tone must be up-converted to drive amplifiers operating at full useful power at the primary RF. The bulk of the microwave energy is transmitted at the primary RF, but some of the low level up-converted mixing products also find their way into the power amplifier and are transmitted as well. It was one of these RFs that the RB-47 crew intercepted.
The 3.0 GHz signal intercepted by the ALA-6 (covering 1.0 to 7.5 GHz) is the 20th (4 multiplier X 5 multiplier) sub-harmonic of the primary RF. Moreover, a 12 GHz and 15 GHz component of this radiation could perhaps have been observed if the ALA-6 receiver had covered this RF range or if the ADP-4 ECM system had been properly functioning during this intercept (it was broken). The RF at 60 GHz is far above the frequency coverage of the ECM intercept equipment then carried on the RB-47.
The 60 GHz RF signal is transmitted with a 0.0012 duty cycle from antennas (about 13 centimeters high) encircling the saucer, producing a +/- 1.24o beam. The air is heated with power producing ionization of the O2 molecules up to 6 meters from the saucer's rim, causing a visible glow. The O2 shares energy with the Nitrogen, heating a 2 meter high, 30 meter wide stream of onrushing (1000 mph) air to 2100o K.
Figure 2. A 30 Meter In Diameter Saucer Exits The Netherlands Costscheld (West Sea).
Figure 2 is an artist's concept of an eye witness account12 of a (verified13) alien saucer leaving the ocean shortly after it was almost totally submerged. Notice the presence of the bright glow about the saucer's rim. The RF excited O2 molecules will transfer some of their thermal energy to Nitrogen (N2) molecules and produce a brilliant, dazzling luminosity (known as plasma). The colors are likely the result of energy radiating and re-radiation from H+, H2, OH- and H2O ions. Oxygen and water vapor molecules glow, especially about the saucer's rim, because microwave energy (attuned to the rotational rate of these molecules) is being used to excite them.
This glow's exact color is difficult to anticipate due to complex radiation and re-radiation from water molecules, related ions and other impurities. For example, Hydrogen ions - formed from water molecules - will glow a bluish green color. The plasma, near the antenna's aperture (located around the saucer's rim) would normally be bluish, but Sodium ions (from the sea's salt) will modify it causing a yellowish color. It was the bluish color that was seen by the RB- 47 crew (at about 35,000 ft) as the UFOs were no where near sea water. Only minor plasma distortions are found on high speed UFOs. Figure 3 shows one of Blue Book's best14 (computer enhanced15) photos illustrating this effect.
Figure 3. Computerized image enhancement of one of the best UFO photographs collected by the Air Force's project Blue Book, the "Montana Movie", filmed on 15 August 1950 by Nick Marina. Enhanced image credited to William Spaulding, director of GSW, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona.
Figure 4 contains two color photographs of a UFO operating over the Monterey Bay.16 The first clearly illustrates the glow about the saucer's rim. The second shows the same blue and red colors found in Figure 2. Both suggest that the blue is in front of the saucer and the red in back. The photographer even calls out the white/yellowish color found as "flame". This work concludes that he's almost right.
The air density (and the inertial drag) could be reduced by a factor of 7.7 (via Boyle's law) if the air has been heated to 2100o K. A 30 meter saucer's large surface area would serve as an effective radiator. Inertial drag is linearly proportional to the air density but proportional to the square of the aircraft's velocity. Thus, the saucer could fly 2.8 times faster (still at sub sonic speeds) with the AAD operative than with it off.
Figure 4. Micro-photograph of UFO, 19 Dec. 1971 SW of Santa Cruz, CA over ocean.
Viscous drag forces could also be reduced because the accumulation of boundary layer fluid (air) on the surface of the saucer is diminished. A conventional way sometimes suggested to reduce this accumulation of air adhering to conventional aircraft's wings is to suck it into the wing through slots and then exhaust it through the rear of the aircraft (or its wings). If the saucer's skin is conductive (e.g. metallic) and if the 60 GHz antenna is loosely coupled to it, a few percent of the microwave radiation will leak onto the fuselage. This radiation will "crawl" over the saucer's surface, heating the adhering air and dispelling it thereby reducing viscous drag. See the un- enhanced version of Figure 3.
At supersonic speeds, the pressure field is confined to a region at the rear and extends from a conventional aircraft in a widening (Mach) cone. When it intersects the earth, a "sonic boom" is often heard. A "sonic boom" is a type of shock wave that occurs when waves generated by a source over a period of time add together in a coherent manner (re-enforcing peaks and deepening troughs).
This process is much like the way a V shaped bow wave is created by a motor boat when its speed is greater than the speed of the waves naturally supported by the water. The decreased pressure gradient at the front of the saucer destroys the coherency of the pressure fronts and they do not add together coherently. Thus, the "sonic boom" is reduced or completely eliminated. This is analogous to the effect of using a bulbous bow rather that a straight sharp (motor boat) bow on large ships. Such bows enables these large vessels to more effectively (and economically) pass through the ocean.
The hot air bubble around the saucer streamlines it. The pressure gradients acting on the boundary layer between the ambient air and the saucer are dramatically reduced, because they are distributed over several meters for saucers versus several centimeters for airplanes.
For a normal airplane, the drag coefficient always rises as the Mach number approaches unity, but thereafter it may fall. The hot air bubble about the saucer reduces the power that needs to be expended at true supersonic speeds because the coherent addition of pressure waves around the saucer is degraded. This will reduce or eliminate the energy transmitted to the shock cone thereby reducing or eliminating the "sonic boom" which otherwise would be caused by a high-speed passage of the saucer.
The implications of the foregoing analysis suggest explanations to the following intriguing UFO related enigmas, examples of some that come to mind are:
The aliens must also consider practical operational conditions, while maneuvering in Earth's air space, like monitoring local aircraft traffic. There is no reason they could not use conventional RADAR techniques, especially since an RF generation technique is already required to generate the 60 GHz millimeter wave frequency. Following are some of the reasons such a device would be needed.
The radar signal intercepted by the RB 47 crew on 17 July 1957 from the alien saucers were almost identical to the CPS-6B ground based radars while operating over the USA would fit the latter two requirements nicely. However, the emission of the 60 GHz radiation ionizing the air around the saucer would attenuate transmission and reception of this radar signal unless the ionizing radiation was intermittent (e.g. with the observed pulse rate of 600 pps).
To these ends, it is suggested that the saucers (involved in the July 1957 event) utilizes a 60 GHz Gyro-klystoron amplifier tube operating with a 0.5 duty factor (that is, it would be turned off for 833 microseconds and on for 833 microsecond every 1667 microsecond pulse rate interval). Thus, the air's O2 molecules would be heated for 833 microseconds every time they moved about a half meter closer to the saucer. While the 60 GHz signal is suppressed, a pulsed L or S band radar signal could be reflected and received from an aircraft target 124 kilometers from the saucer.
A circular phased steered array radar, located on the saucer's outer rim and operating with pulse RFs in L or S band, would serve this function nicely. A continuous wave (CW) radar operating in C band could serve as a radar which could deduce a measurable Doppler RF reflected from the target aircraft, and hence measure its relative velocity.
Danjo18 has shown that some of our frequent alien visitors from Alpha Centauri count in binary (see Table H-9). Thus, they might employ a crystal oscillator transmitting an IF at 2n hertz (as humans would measure it). A 217 Hz crystal would operate at 131,072 Hz, and would be similar to our kilometer crystal which operates at 150,000 Hz. Assuming that the crystal frequency bounds the lower RF end of the frequency of the RF multiplication chain and the 60 GHz signal bounds the upper end resulting RF, the intermediate RF products can be deduced. See Figure 5. This up-conversion scheme permits the generation of 9 (possibly 11) high L, S and C band pulsed signals. Moreover, 5 (possibly 7) C band tones are available for Doppler velocity determination radar.
Figure 5. A Possible Alien Crystal RF to 60 GHz RF Up-Conversion Scheme.
The tone and filter switches in this design operate with multiples of two (binary) positions. See Table 1.
|L/S X M|
|K - Band
MHz or GHz
|K X M|
|143G||599.785||2 X 2||2399.14||5||11995.7 MHz||5||59.97|
|149D||624.951||2 X 2||2499.81||Continued|
|143A||599.785||5||2998.93||5||14994.6 MHz||2 X 2||59.98|
|149K||624.951||3 X 2||3749.71||4***||14998.8 MHz||2 X 2||60.00|
|159P||666.894||2 X 3||4001.37?||3||12004.1 MHz||5||60.02|
|CW RF Tones|
|L X M|
|C X M|
|K - Band RF|
MHz or GHz
|K X M|
|143A||599.785||5||2998.93?||5||14994. 6 MHz||2 X 2||59.98|
|149K||624.951||3 X 2||3749.71?||4***||14998.8 MHz||2 X 2||60.00|
|159P||666.894||2 X 3||4001.37||3||12004.1 MHz||5||60.02|
|149D||624.951||23||4999.09||3||14997. 3 MHz||2 X 2||59.99|
|143E||599.785||5 X 2||5997.85||5||29.99 GHz||2||59.98|
|159M||666.894||3 X 3||6002.05||5||30.01 GHz||2||60.02|
Figure 6. Human Air Traffic As Viewed On A Hypothetical UFO Radar.
Danjo19 has shown how the aliens display range data (i.e. as
deduced from the famous Hill star map. Figure 6 illustrates how the first three
considerations concerning the monitoring of human aircraft traffic could appear
on an alien radar scope. Note that the ratio of the height (h) of the triangle
to its base (b) is the binary ratio (2h/b) of the saucer and aircraft
separation in units of "saucer diameters (D)". For example, if a h/b = 12 is
found, the target is 2h/b X D = 212 X 30 meters = 123
Figure 6. Continued.
The RF radiation crawling about the saucer's surface offers a reason for the circular regions of scorched ground often found near UFO landing (and take off) sites. If still active, the RF leakage (intended to repel adhering air molecules when the saucer is in flight) will permeate the ground or nearby vegetation and cook it. Alternately, if the RF antenna is coupled to the saucer's skin in such a way as to permit only a few percent leakage to repel adhering air then microwave power could heat the area around a landed saucer.
The association of "UFOs" and "crop circles" is made elsewhere in this site. The ingredients for such an association are available from the foregoing analysis. For example, if a UFO is employing the Vehicle Masking Device (VMD), it could be both present and unnoticed at the time a "crop circle" is formed. The 60 GHz RF could be up-converted (with a 3X multiplier) to a 180 GHz RF which is exactly centered in an H2O attenuation band. See Figure 1. A controlled antenna (or even an open wave-guide) could heat the water concentrated in the base nodules of stalks causing them to soften and fall in a circular pattern. If simple water absorption of microwave energy is the mechanism involved in these cases, could snow circles be expected next? Humans could make such "crop circles" but they would likely employ the lower attenuation band at 22.2 GHz. Such "crop circles" would appear to contain less fine detail, especially if the human controlled platform is at high altitude to avoid visual detection.A simple method may be used to validate alien made Crop Circles. They must be distinguished by fine sculpting and contain interesting verifiable information. Three such crop images are:
THE T367 CROP CIRCLE
The T367 Crop Circle is one with finely carved crop stands crafted into orbits with small circles depicting planets and asteroids left standing while the remainder is flattened. This Crop Circle is a warning of impending comet strikes on Earth and the nominal date of the event can be deduced from the configuration of the planets.
THE CHILBOLTON CROP CIRCLE
The Arecibo message was designed by Frank Drake (who was then Director of the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, and later became the Chairman of the Board of the SETI Institute) together with his Observatory staff. It was a simple graphic consisting of 73 rows of 23 "bits" per row. This number of rows and columns was chosen because each is a prime number. Prime numbers could be guessed by any recipients, and that would help them to decode the graphic. The message was sent in 1974 by simple shifting of the signal between two frequencies in the 2,380 MHz band and transmitted with a signal strength of 20 terawatts. The message contains the kind of information that any culture would want to learn about us: where we are located (at least within a depiction of our solar system), what we look like (a crude stick figure), a simple drawing of the transmitting antenna, and something about our biological construction (DNA and some of the building blocks of our biochemistry.) See Figure 7.
Figure 7. The SETI Arecibo Message - Courtesy Paul Vigay.
On Tuesday 21st August 2001 two new crop formations were reported near Chilbolton radio telescope in Hampshire, UK. Both were very impressive looking and consisted of a large number of small 'pixels', which when viewed from the air formed a recognizable shape - unlike many other crop formations. One represented a 'human face' and the other resembled a radio transmission that SETI (the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) sent from the Arecibo radio telescope in 1974. See Lucy Pringle's Aerial Photograph of the Chilbolton Hampshire Crop Circle.
The Chilbolton Crop Circle contains information apparently about the "little Grey men". See Figure 8:
Included is that their population at the time was 21.3 billion (compared to our 4.29 billion in 1974) and that they average about 3'4" tall compared to our transmitted height of 5'9". Further, they include all the elements that we included as fundamental to life on Earth (Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus but added one more, Silicon. The interpretation of their solar system was unclear, and cited source third, fourth and fifth planets from their Sun. But SETI astronomers related this structure to a depiction of the four Galilean moons of Jupiter). See Figure 9. Of course, they didn't mention that Jupiter is the fifth planet out from our Sun, not the third.
Figure 9. Jupiter And Its Four Satellites; Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.
Interestingly enough, others have concluded that the Hill aliens are from the Alpha Centauri star system.30 Danjo has shown that they are residents of some of the four major satellites of the planet that could be considered the "Jupiter" of their system. This planet is designated as planet h in Table 10-1 and is estimated to be about seven times as massive as our Jupiter. See Table 2.
| ORBIT - MASS#|
|0||k#||0.20 - tiny||Asteroids|
|1||j#||0.29 - 0.23|
|2||i#||0.78 - 206|
|3||h#||1.17 - 2220||The "Jupiter" Of This System|
|4||none given #||3.13? - ?||Unstable Orbit?|
|5||none given #||4.60? - ?||Unstable Orbit?|
|6||g@||131? - ?||Unstable Orbit?|
|7||f@||197? - 164?||Unstable Orbit?|
|9||e@||525 - 232|
|10||d@||788 - 312|
|11||c@||2103 - 408**|
1.5% - 3.3% Solar Mass
|12||b@||3155 - 616***|
2.2% - 4.9% Solar Mass
|13||a@||12620 - 1372***||(Proxima); 5% - 11% Solar Mass|
The orbits and masses of natural planetary satellites can also be computed by a method similar to the one that was performed for the planets. See Table 3. Some of these planets (and their satellites), that are the analog of our Jupiter and Saturn systems, are formed in the liquid water zone around the principal stars.
Danjo concludes that life, if it were present, would most likely exist on the larger satellites of the two Jupiter size planets orbiting the principal star of these two star systems. These planetary satellites appear slightly larger than Mars and slightly smaller than Earth.
Danjo concludes that satellites h-3 and h-4 orbiting planet h of the Alpha Centauri A star offer a particularly attractive body to host biological life similar to that found on Earth. The most distant satellite periods will be on the order of a year and a half, producing additional seasonal modulations. A surface gravity about that of Earth is now anticipated. Note: The surface gravity of some of these satellites may be more like that of Venus (80% Earth's). Rapidly varying Earth like temperatures could occur.
|Satellite||System/Planet||Orbit (AU) - Mass (Earth)#|
|Sun/Jupiter||5.2 - 381|
|J-1 Callisto||0.0098 - 0.0216|
|J-2 Ganymede||0.0062 - 0.0297|
|J-3 Europa||0.0039 - 0.0096|
|J-4 Io||0.0025 - 0.0178|
|Sun/Saturn||9.52 - 95|
|S-1 Titan||0.0071 - 0.0226|
|S-3 Rhea||0.0031 - 0.0004|
|S-4 Dione||0.0022 - 0.0002|
|Alpha Centauri A/Planet h||1.17 - 2270|
|h-1||* - 0.62|
|h-2||* - 0.90|
|h-3||* - 0.28|
|h-4||* - 0.51|
|Alpha Centauri A/Planet i||0.78 - 206|
|i-1||* - 0.48|
|i-2||* - rings|
|i-3||* - 0.0085|
|i-4||* - 0.0040|
Figure 10 below illustrates how this planet and satellite structure fits into the Hill Star Map.
The Chilbolten crop circle describes the alien Sun as smaller than our Sun. Alpha Centauri is a three star system, with a pair of close binary stars. The A star is a G class star about the size of our Sun, but the B star is a smaller K class star. The Hill aliens were thought to originate from the solar system of the A class star. However, the structure of the solar systems of these two stars is also dependent on the spin of these stars, and that term is unknown. The solar system described could be the one for the B star should its spin be significantly greater than that of our Sun. Further confusing these calculations is the speculation that the Hill aliens, our Scholar COMBO species, often travel with our Priest COMBO species which was thought to originate from planet h' in the B star's solar system. This planet it also anticipated to be a large one with multiple (three or four) large satellites. These could be the species with silicon in their organic structure. They could also be the reason the alien Sun is depicted smaller than our own.
Figure 10. (Danjo's Figure 11-5) Some Planets (And Their Satellites) Predicted To Be In The Alpha Centauri Star System
The Areicibo Message contained the size of the antenna that transmitted it, that, upon analysis , can be deduced to be about 309 meters. Likewise, upon a similar analysis, the transmitter of Chilbolton Crop circle is found to be one of about 239 meters. It apparently was a hexagonal array, reminiscent of phased array antennas. Perhaps the antenna was mounted on a "ship" is at an altitude of 100 kilometers. Assuming the beam width is given by about 70 X the wavelength divided by the diameter,31 crop circles could be formed , with the 180 GHz beam producing a 85 centimeter wide spot, cooking the crops and causing them to fall. Such a "ship" would be difficult to observe at night.
THE OPPONO ASTOS CROP CIRCLE
During the summer of 1991 some 600 new crop circles appeared. This was the summer when serious contamination of formations began to take place. Some of the hoaxing was done by pranksters looking for attention, some by mischief makers. But, more sinisterly, it was also carried out by known government infiltrators who purposely added man-made features to genuine formations in a attempt to throw the researchers into total confusion. At the height of the hoaxing, an American tourist etched out huge letters on the side of a hill, 'Talk to us'. A reply came back a few days later when a most bizarre-looking formation resembling Hebrew script appeared at Milk Hill. Thought to be a hoax at first but since confirmed to be genuine, it was deciphered as a form of post-Augustan Latin and etched in Free Masonic script, creating two words: OPPONO ASTOS "I oppose acts of craft and cunning" How appropriate given the circumstances. To this day this formation represents the closest the Circle- makers have come to communicating in recognizable script.
THE SETI CHILBOLTON 'ARECIBO MESSAGE' FORMATION EVALUATIONSince this was a response to a SETI transmission, SETI was quick to de-bunk the Chilbolton Circle. See Is the Latest Crop Circle a Message from E.T?" Here are some of their main points and rebuttals.
Patented technology is offered that supports many observed UFO enigmas, such as magnetic fields, glowing and morphing vessels, lack of "sonic booms" when saucers are traveling rapidly in the low atmosphere and intercepted radar like signals. An Aerodynamic Augmentation Device (AAD) is envisioned that utilizes 60 GHz millimeter wave radiation to ionize atmospheric oxygen and a magnetic field is utilized to thin the air by separating the ionized molecules. A limited number of L and S band radar frequencies are anticipated to be associated with the AAD and these can support radar transmissions or generate leakage signals from Hill alien operated saucers.
This technology is associated with the generation of alien crop circles. One such circle, the Chilbolton glyph, has been associated with SETI's Arecibo Message and that glyph describes the aliens home solar system. Planet (and satellite) formation theory (published 1994) supports Danjo's conclusion that the Hill aliens (little Grey men) inhabit satellites of a planet substantially larger than Jupiter probably found in the Alpha Centauri star system.
1. Patents #5,791,599 and #5,797,563. Patent disclosure 360329; 26 August 1994.
2. Peter Brookesmith; THE UFO CASEBOOK; Orbits Publishing Limited, Marketed by RCA Direct Marketing Inc, 1133 avenue of the Americas, New York, NY, 10036, USA; 1982; pg. 25.
3. Patent #5,635,905. Patent disclosure 329624; 16 April 1993. Only the targeting component was patented. The patent for the masking component was denied, but revelation to foreign nationals is still forbidden.
5. James McDonald; UFO ENCOUNTER I; Astronautics & Aeronautics; July 1971; pp 66 - 70.
6. James M. McCampbell; AN HYPOTHESIS CONCERNING THE ORIGIN OF UFO'S -- HORSES UNDER THE HOOD; Paper for the American Institute of Astronautics and Aeronautics; 1975; pp. 37 - 45.
7. Photon momentum transfer needed to repel O2 molecules at speeds of 1000 mph requires 1020 times more power than that needed to heat the onrushing air to a temperature of 2100o K.
8. See patent disclosure 3620484 dated 16 November 1971.
9. See patent disclosure 4917335 dated 17 April 1990.
10. See patent disclosure 5263661 dated 23 November 1993.
11. Varian corporation already produces pulsed and CW Gyrotron tubes (VGE- 8060 and VGE-8006) with outputs of 200 kilowatts at 60 GHz. Varian Gyrotron tubes run with efficiencies of 37% to 50%, far higher than the 10% efficiencies assumed in these computations.
12. Stefan Denaerde and Wendelle Stevens; UFO ... CONTACT FROM PLANET IARGA;
Privately Published by Wendelle C. Stevens, 3224 South Winona Circle, Tucson,
Arizona 85730; 1982; pp. 11 ffand pg. 119
13. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; Distributor, D & L Associates, P. O. Box 2581, Sunnyvale, CA 94087; 1994; pp. 83, 120, 125 ff.
14. Edward J. Ruppelt; THE REPORT ON UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS; 1956; pg. 219.
15. Ronald D. Story; SIGHTINGS: UFOs AND THE LIMITS OF SCIENCE; Quill, William Morrow and Company, INC, 105 Madison Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10016; 1981; pg. 132.
16. Norman R. Bergrun; TOMORROW'S TECHNOLOGY TODAY, Academy Press, Campbell, California; 1772; pp 38 - 48.
17. A saucer paced an RB-57 aircraft north of Fairbanks, Alaska in 1961. The saucer maintained its position below and behind the aircraft so that the pilot's view of it was obscured by the aircraft's wings and engine nacelles. The pilot managed to obtain photographs of the forward edge of the saucer by placing his hand held camera in the forward most portion of the cockpit. An airman, who inspected the photograph, recalls that some "silver dollar" size rivets, spaced about six inches apart, held a "leading edge (possibly a radome?)" on to the main body of the saucer. Information courtesy of Dave Baylog, 15 February, 1995.
18. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; Distributor, D & L Associates, P. O. Box 2581, Sunnyvale, CA 94087; 1994; pg. 114.
19. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; Op. Cit; pp. 86 - 96.
20. Peter Brookesmith; THE UFO CASEBOOK; Orbis Publishing Limited, London, England; 1982; pg. 76.
21. Hilary Evans; THE EVIDENCE FOR UFOs; The Aquarian Press (part of the Thorsons Publishing Group), Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England; 1983; pg. 60.
22. Hilary Evans; THE EVIDENCE FOR UFOs; Op. Cit.; pg. 61.
23. Hartwig Hausdorf; THE CHINESE ROSWELL; New Paradigm Books, 22783 South State Road 7, Suite 97, Boca Raton FL 33428; 1998; pg. 155.
24. PHYSICS FROM UFO DATA by Massimo Teodorani, Ph.D. - Astronomer
STRONG MAGNETIC FIELD DETECTED FOLLOWING A SIGHTING OF AN UNIDENTIFIED FLYING
OBJECT by Bruce Maccabee
This paper was originally presented at the American Physical Society meeting in April, 1993 [Bulletin of the American Physical Society, Vol. 38, pg 1041, 1993] and published in the Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 8, pg. 347, 1994.)
26. STATEMENT ON UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS
submitted to the House Committee on Science and Astronautics Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects, Raburn Bldg, Washington D.C. July 29, 1968, by James E. Mcdonald
27. James McDonald; UFO ENCOUNTER I; Op. Cit.
28. Editor's note; Astronautics & Aeronautics; July 1971; pg. 70.
29. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; Op. Cit.; pp. 83 ff, 114 and 123.
30. Beishline, Blackburn and Warmkessel; DOWSING FOR EXTRA-TERRESTRIALS;
American Association Of Dowsers; Fall 1995; pg. 7.
Beishline, Blackburn and Warmkessel; FOLLOW - UP, DOWSING FOR EXTRA-TERRESTRIALS; American Association Of Dowsers; Fall 1996.
31. ANTENNA INTRODUCTION / BASICS