VULCAN, COMETS AND THE IMPENDING CATASTROPHE
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14 February 1997
DR. RONALD F. BLACKBURN Lt. Col. (Retired),
SONJA M. KAWAMOTO
DR. BARRY M. WARMKESSEL
WITH SUPPORT FROM
NASSAM ABRAHAM - THEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
AL BEISHLINE - DOWSING
LAWRENCE P. GIVER - ASTRONOMICAL SUPPORT
DR. HERBERT W. KUEHNE - ORBIT ANALYSIS
AL & JOAN LYLES - TIP OFF
REMO PERINI - TECHNICAL EDITING
J.R. WARMKESSEL - HTML EDITING
JUSTIN WARMKESSEL - ART
- INTRODUCTION - A NEW PLANET FORMATION THEORY
- ASTRONOMICAL INFORMATION FROM NORMAL SOURCES
- ASTRONOMICAL INFORMATION FROM UNUSUAL SOURCES
- ANALYSIS - PHYSICAL DATA IMPACTING CANDIDATE VULCAN ORBITS
- VIABLE VULCAN ORBITS
- VULCAN'S MASS
- THE IMPENDING COMET STRIKES
- APPENDIX A - DISTANT UNRESOLVED IRAS POINT SOURCES
- APPENDIX B - JESUS' DATE OF BIRTH
A theory has been proposed which accurately predicts the orbits of our solar planets as well as the orbits of planets (and tiny stars) in nearby star systems. This theory postulates that our solar system was formed with the aid of a solar companion star which was named Vulcan by the ancients. A dark body which could be Vulcan has been detected by the IRAS satellite. The IRAS measurements and data from other sources have been utilized to determine an orbit and mass for Vulcan. Vulcan is estimated to orbit the Sun with a period slightly more than 5000 years and to have a mass 4.7% that of the Sun. The orbit is highly eccentric and inclined at about 49 deg. to the ecliptic plane. Vulcan pasted aphelion around 1969 to 1971, about 453 AU distant from the Sun.
It is postulated that comets drawn from the Oort cloud, Vulcan's rings or elsewhere could be orbiting in trajectories related to Vulcan's orbit. These comets, possibly composed of toxic compounds, could occasionally pass through the Earth's orbit with potentially disastrous consequences. Noah's biblical flood was likely caused by one of these comets striking Earth. It is suspected that a comet swarm may leave the vicinity of Vulcan when it is near aphelion and, on the second pass, a few may collide with Earth as they approach the Sun. The orbit period of the comets is estimated to be about two thirds that of Vulcan. Accordingly, the comet which may have caused Noah's flood left the vicinity of Vulcan at least two Vulcan orbit periods ago. It missed the Earth on its first pass but struck it on the second (around 3000 B.C.). Recent cometary activity (e.g. those striking Jupiter) may herald the beginning of an unprecedented and dangerous celestial period. The period of highest risk is between now and 2200 A.D. (earlier dates more likely). Only a concerted effort focused on detection and neutralization can avoid an impending environmental catastrophe of biblical proportions.
INTRODUCTION - A NEW PLANET FORMATION THEORY
Steven Hawking has theorized that Primordial Black Holes (PBH) were created at the beginning of the universe immediately after the "Big Bang".1 Danjo has utilized Hawking's PBHs to postulate a planet formation theory which assumes that stars, planets and their moons form around the flat, spinning PBHs.1 When a co-orbiting PBH crossed the other's spin plane at a steep angle, planetary PBH seeds were cast into the other's spin plane (likewise moon PBH seeds were cast from the planetary PBH seeds). The casting process took place during or shortly after the period quantum mechanics governed the expanding universe. Once the universe expanded to where classical mechanics clearly governed, the casting process ceased. Matter from the primordial nebula was drawn to and condensed around these seeds.
PBHs are assumed to still exist at the center of the Sun, our planets and their moons. Existing PBH spin vectors, and related magnetic fields, may still be linked by quantum mechanical laws. These seeds are as small as an atomic nucleus but as massive as a mountain. Small seeds radiate by the laws of quantum mechanics and the very tiny ones are unstable. Hawking has postulated that a very small PBH can detonate with the energy of many nuclear bombs. This can shatter a small planet or moon which has condensed around it leaving debris to form asteroids or planetary rings. Danjo postulates that planetary seeds formed in quantum orbits about the Sun's PBH. These orbits, expanding with the expanding universe, gave rise to the Bode law separation of planetary orbits.
This theory has been applied to our solar system. The Earth and its Moon were formed as double planets with one catching up to and capturing the other. The same is true for Neptune and Triton. Neither of these "moons" orbit in the plane of their planet's equator as do the natural satellites which are cast into their planets' spin plane. Danjo has explained that the orbit of double planets often violates the empirically derived Bode law.
The theory has also been applied to other star systems, accurately predicting the orbit/size of the tiny stars Proxima Centauri and 26 Draconis C (see Table 1).2 Additionally, it has accurately predicted orbits of large (unseen) planets in the 61 Cygni, UV Ceti and Kruger 60 binary star systems. These planets have been detected and their orbits (periods) measured by observing the "wobble" they induce on the precise position of their parent stars. See Table 1.
Astro-Metric Prediction And Detection Of Planets Orbiting Some Nearby Multiple Star Systems
Star System Detected Planet/Small Star Orbit/Period
Alpha Centauri Proxima Centauri (ignited) 13,000 AU/- Danjo Predicts Proxima 12,620 AU Predicted UV Ceti Small planets possible 3.0 AU/16 years 2.6 AU Predicted Grb 34 Planets predicted, none found to date 61 Cygni Largest Planet orbiting The A Star 2.4 AU/4.9 years 2.4 AU Predicted Largest Planet orbiting The B Star 2.8 AU/7.0 years 2.1-2.4 AU Predicted Sigma 2398 Planets predicted, none found to date Kruger 60 1 possible, large errors 4.1 AU/16 years 4.5 AU Predicted 26 Draconis 26 Draconis C (ignited) 10,000 AU/- Danjo Predicts 26 Drac. C 9270 AU Predicted Note: 1 AU equals the average distance of the Earth to the Sun.
The boundary of these PBH seeds are Schwarzchild singularities or discontinuities in the space time continuum. This disk shaped boundary offers an aperture for the emission of "astral" radiation thereby offering the causal basis needed to make astrology a plausible science. Danjo has used astrological techniques involving the manifestation of avatars (e.g. Christ or Buddha) to deduce the ephemerides needed to compute Vulcan's orbital period and inclination. This led to many possible orbits. He only calculated the near circular ones and ignored the highly elliptical ones. Almost half of these are at an inclination of 45 degrees to the ecliptic plane (defined by the Earth's orbit about the Sun). Danjo estimates that Vulcan is likely a brown dwarf star of about 1.3% solar mass. Vulcan's PBH seed may also have influenced four of our known planets' seeds by tilting their spins (23.5 deg. to 29 deg.) from the ecliptic. Vulcan's gravitational tug or comet/meteor strikes related to it may slightly modify the natural wobble of the Earth's spin axis. The Sun's and Moon's gravitational tug on the Earth's equatorial bulge is believed responsible for the bulk of its wobble.
This work endeavors to deduce Vulcan's location and orbital parameters because its presence may profoundly affect Earth. Both the accepted and "forbidden" sciences are used without hesitation as long as they lead to verifiable results supported by accepted facts.
ASTRONOMICAL INFORMATION FROM NORMAL SOURCES
More than 50% of the known star systems in our galaxy are believed to be multiples and the orbit of one star about the other is almost always quite elliptical. Some astronomers have predicted that our Sun has a companion star which is too small and faint to be noticed. The ancients named this planet like body "Vulcan". When it became common knowledge that the Earth orbited the Sun, many astronomers thought that Vulcan could be found closer to the Sun than Mercury because its name implied warmth or heat. Often sunspots were miss-identified as Vulcan. More recently, astronomers and paleontologists have come to postulate that the Sun's companion star may lie beyond the orbit of Pluto. It has even been suggested that it may be related to periodic (13 or 26 million years) mass extinctions of prehistoric species caused by cometary collisions.3 Now, scientists seem to be shortening that interval to about 300,000 years.4 These catastrophic effects have lead to an alternate name for the Sun's companion; "Nemesis". Its ancient name "Vulcan" is used herein.
Another indication of the Sun's unseen companion (a brown dwarf protostar or crystallized white dwarf) is the apparent increase in pulsar rates in a certain quadrant of the sky.6 See Figure 1. According to astronomical theory, pulsar rates should never increase. Thus, this observed increase may be due to doppler shifts of the pulsar's frequency caused by Vulcan inducing small accelerations on the Sun and our known solar system.
This work suggests that Vulcan is unidentified IRAS object (1732+239). If so, it has already been detected several times by the IRAS (infrared astronomical survey) satellite.5 Appendix A indicates that scientists estimate it to be a cold (29 deg. K) Jovian sized protostar.
The Earth wobbles once in 25770 years and the equinox (first point of Aires) precesses 360 deg. in a retrograde direction in this time. Vulcan, directly or indirectly, could have ever so slightly adjusted the Earth's natural wobble to the nearest integral sub-multiple of its observed value and even slightly modified its spin axis. The precise value may be due to Vulcan's orbital period or comet strikes or both. Possible values of Vulcan's orbit are listed in Table 2*. A comet strike could also have split Earth's prehistoric super continent Pangea into the currently observed configuration and caused the Pleistocene's (and even earlier) Ice Ages. Comet strikes could have defined the composition of Earth's (and Venus's) atmosphere and our oceans thereby setting the tenor of biological life.
Some Possible Elliptical Orbit Parameters** For Vulcan Derived From The Earth's Wobble
Harmonic Order Period/Years Semi major axis(AU)* Semi-minor (AU)
2nd 12885 549.6 half period too large 3rd 8590 419.4 179.7/254.1 379.0/333.6 40/86 789/753 4th 6443 346.2 162.5/229.8 303.0/255.7 41/88 647/600 5th 5154 298.4 151.6/214.4 257.0/207.5 41/91 555/506* 6th 4295 264.2 142.6/201.7 222.4/170.6 42/94 487/435 *The estimated IRAS protostar's range; 570 AU is based on thermal flux from a Jovian sized object.
**Following are the defining equations for Vulcan's elliptical orbit with period, P; semi-major axis, a; and semi-minor axis, b and where f is the distance from the center to the focus (where the Sun would be). The eccentricity, epsilon is the oblong nature of the ellipse. It is convenient to measure the orbital period in Earth years and distances in astronomical units (AU). Table 2 estimates some of these values (note: r is the latus rectum).
P = a3/2
(x/a)2 + (y/b)2 = 1
f = (a2 - b2)1/2 = epsilon a
epsilon = [1 - (b/a)2]1/2
Far point, aphelion = f + a
Near point, perihelion = a - f
ASTRONOMICAL INFORMATION FROM UNUSUAL SOURCES
Five additional disciplines have been enlisted to provide astronomical data supporting the search for Vulcan and its related comets. Included are two spiritual sources (channeling and theology), extra-terrestrial contacts, astrology, dowsing and the I-Ching. Of these, astrology offers the most direct link to astronomy. When combined with the laws of physics, it offers the clearest mechanism to pinpoint the location of a distant planet. Four disciplines have independently confirmed Danjo's planet formation theory (e.g. dowsing has located nearby star systems hosting sentient life and astronomy has indicated the presence of planets).
Two identified sources of spiritual data offer information which can be traced directly, or indirectly, to Vulcan. The first is the Bible and the second is Yarbro's Michael works. Locating Vulcan and defining its orbit provides enough data to analyze the cataclysmic events discussed by Moses and Christ as well as predicted by Yarbro (Michael).
The three relevant passages recorded in the Bible are the great flood of Noah, Genesis (Chapters 7 - 8); the Gospels of Matthew (Chapter 24) and Luke (Chapter 17) as well as the falling star - Wormwood, as discussed in Revelations (Chapters 8 - 9). These collective passages, familiar to (yet ignored by) most Christians, may all be related to a comet striking Earth. Vulcan can influence comet-like space debris by canceling its angular momentum and drawing it in from the Oort cloud with some periodicity related to Vulcan's orbit.
The great flood of Noah is shrouded in religious mysticism, but there is possible evidence that it has some basis in fact. The Ark may have been located near the Turkish town of Kazan in the Araxes valley near Mount Ararat (close to the Turkish-Iranian- Armenian boarder). An Ark-like object has been mapped by ground penetrating radar, but excavation has not yet begun. Carbon dating the remains could resolve the flood's date.
An icy comet impact may have caused Noah's flood. Sir Isaac Newton's assistant, William Whiston, was the first to suggest this theory and it found favor with both Newton and Newton's friend Halley (comet fame).7 The shock of the impact may have caused reverberations in the Earth's magma causing earthquakes and "springs from the great deep (water table) burst forth". Vaporized debris from the impact re-solidified to form nuclei on which vaporized sea or comet water could re-condense, and "it rained for forty days".
Unfortunately, religious fervor has distorted the story until the entire world was covered with water when only one tsunami may have actually occurred. Covering the Earth with five or ten thousand feet of water would require an immense amount, which then must disappear (to somewhere) in only seven and a half months. A tsunami resulting from a comet/meteor strike near the Caspian sea (forming the adjacent depression known as Kara-Bogaz-Gol) could easily have created one such localized flood. The water lifted the Ark from the plains west of the Caspian and deposited it in the Araxes valley. See Figure 2.
The following scriptures were taken from Genesis and describes the flood (notice how the flood seems to surge and wane as if it were the result of a great wave).
7:11 In the 2nd month and the 17th day of the (Jewish) month, on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.
7:17 For forty days the flood kept coming on the Earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the Ark high above the Earth.
7:19 They rose greatly on the Earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered.
7:24 The waters flooded the Earth for one hundred and fifty days.
8:1 ... and the waters receded.
8:2 Now the springs of the deep and the floodgates of the heavens had been closed.
8:3 The waters receded steadily from the Earth. At the end of one hundred and fifty days the waters had gone down.
8:5 The waters continued to recede until the tenth month, and on the first day of the tenth month the tops of the mountains became visible.
Many have attempted to date the time when the great flood occurred and those times seem to cluster about two general time periods. See Table 3:
A. 2385 +/- 97 BC
B. 3122 +/- 124 BC
If B is valid, the frequency of the incidents of comets passing near Earth could increase in the 21st century. Noah's date implies that Earth was at 17 - 21 hrs. RA relative to the Sun.
Dating Noah's Great Flood8
Source Biblical Archaeologists Derived Flood Date Anticipated Date Based On A 5154 Year Interval Range 2000 AD
Usher and the English Bible 2348 BC 2808 AD - Hebrew Bible 2288 BC 2868 AD - Playfair 2352 BC 2804 AD - Clinton 2482 BC 2674 AD -
Samaritan Penteteuch 2998 BC 2158 AD 151 AU Peak Danger, This Analysis - 2094 AD 110 AU Josephus 3148 BC 2008 AD 21 AU Dr. Hales 3155 BC 2001 AD 4 AU Septuagint 3246 BC 1910 AD -
Christ clearly correlated the end of the age with Noah's flood in Genesis:
Matthew 24: 37 - 39
As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be for the coming of the Son of Man (children of men). For in the days before the flood, people were eating & drinking and giving in marriage, up to the days Noah entered the Ark, and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away.
Luke 17: 26 - 29
Ibid Matthew 24: 38 - 39; and: It was the same in the days of Lot (about 400 years post flood). People were eating & drinking, buying & selling, planting & building. But the day Lot left Sodom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all.
Following is related scripture from Revelations (of Christ) as written by His favorite Disciple - John.
8:7 The first angel sounded his trumpet, and there came hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was hurled down upon the Earth. A third of the Earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.
8:8-9 The second angel sounded his trumpet and something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea. A third of the sea turned to blood, a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.
8:10 The third angel sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water - the name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter.
8:12 The fourth angel sounded his trumpet and a third of the Sun was struck, a third of the Moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark. A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night.
9:1-2 The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the Earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The Sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss.
These clearly prophesied meteors/comets striking Earth and possibly the Moon. The angel's trumpets may be the whining sound normally heard during projectile impact.
A. The first implies that comet related debris fragments made of combustible material enter the atmosphere and ignite. This prophecy may also be describing the results of a collapse of the Earth's magnetic field.9 Energetic solar particles held in the Van Allen belts and Earth's bow wave would be released causing global "Northern Lights" displays and mutations of microbes.
B. The second object appears like a large comet/meteor falling into the sea. It may be ablaze from combustible material or frictional forces. It kills many sea creatures (including cetaceans).
C. The third (Wormwood) seems to be comet-like because it has a tail (translated "beard"). It (or its related material ) seems to be water soluble producing a poisonous effect in Earth's rivers and streams. It may be made of combustible material (asteroids are usually stone or iron).
D. The last implies the comet/meteor that strikes Earth (B above?) penetrates almost to the magma.
Astronomical data is also available from spiritual sources via the "Michael" channel. Michael material is usually directed at the structure of the soul, and how it influences the personality. Information imparted by Michael is clear and well organized, even to the point of being mathematical. Michael (a re-combined collection of human souls) claims it is but one of countless teachers which aid individual human evolution. The teachings are provided in a variety of ways, not just by transliteration as copied herein.
Michael occasionally discusses astronomical data or extra- terrestrial sentient species. Once, it directly and clearly indicates the probability of a cataclysmic meteor impact with Earth in the near future. By association, this meteor is related to our Sun's binary companion (Vulcan). Michael's first reference to our Sun's binary companion was when the following statement was made in passing (and implied it was a dark or brown dwarf star?):10
"Incidentally, the supposition that your Sun has a binary is valid, though the binary has considerably less mass and heat than the primary, that is, the Sun."
A second reference is found in Yarbro's 1995 work published one year after Danjo's ASTRO-METRICS. The following question was posed to Michael. "Will Michael differentiate between those hazards of the physical plane we can do something about, and those we cannot?" The salient part of the answer is included in the following text.11
"Incidentally, in this regard, it is not impossible that within the next one hundred fifty years your planet might well face the impact from a large meteor currently moving on a line of convergence with you, convergence factored with gravitational influences, of course. We would think that some scientists are aware of this hazard and have not yet hit upon some means of dealing with it."
Obviously, this stimulated a follow on-question. This was, "Is there anything we might be able to do about such an event as discussed? Will Michael say more about this possible impact with a meteor?" Following was the response:
"A renewed interest in space exploration would be a good place to begin, should you choose to undertake such a task. Then there are a number of options available to you, such as but not limited to blowing the meteor up before it comes too close - and by too close, we would suggest that the orbit of Mars is the nearest a body of that size would come without causing some problems for this planet, for it is accompanied by a "cloud" of "dust" that moves well in advance of the body itself, and, of course, behind it. It might also be possible to intercept the meteor farther out and deflect it into the pull of Saturn or Jupiter, where it would provide another Moon for one or the other of them. It might also be possible to create space stations or planet settlements that would permit you to evacuate a significant percentage of the population of the Earth before the impact of such a body. Of course, this final possibility would tend to lead to the greatest loss of life for those remaining behind, including your fellow- ensouled fragments, the cetaceans. Undoubtedly, there are a number of other solutions to be explored if the undertaking is chosen. There is also the very distant binary of your Sun, which has only recently begun to swing back toward sol on a long, elliptical orbit. It is not apt to have much impact on your planet for several thousand years, but it is out there."
Accordingly, Vulcan was recently near aphelion and has a half orbital period of several (two or three) thousand years. Danjo considers only slightly elliptical orbits (not highly elliptical ones), but admits that highly elliptical orbits are also possible. An highly elliptical orbit would cause Vulcan to spend much time near aphelion. There, the substantial gravity of this massive body could draw comets from the Oort cloud, canceling the angular momentum they need to maintain a stable orbit about the Sun. Such a loss would cause them to fall towards the Sun in long elliptical (comet like) orbits where the orientation of their orbital axis could change if they are scattered by interactions with the known planets.
Yarbro indirectly confirms Danjo's planet formation theory - that a planet is seeded by a Primordial Black Hole (PBH). This tiny black hole radiates much energy, causing heat (see Yarbro's reference to plasma in the following quote) to be generated in the interior of the Earth. Danjo claims the PBH is charged and as it spins, it may be associated with the Earth's magnetic field as well. Concerning the cyclic fluctuation of the Earth's magnetic field, and responding to the question. "Would Michael explain the cycles?" Part of the response is listed below:
"Some of the fluctuation is directly related to the tidal influences described as "astrology," particularly with a number of planets occupying one apparent area of space. While this is significant to some degree, it is only a contributory factor. Shifts within the magnetic field are determined also by the phenomenon known as continental drift, which is directly related to the movement of certain crucial heavy metals in the "plasma" at the core of the Earth. As these heavy metals rise and lower within the plasma, which is not uniformly one amalgam, as is currently believed, the dynamic of the field described as gravity also shifts, and with it the patterns of magnetic attraction. Areas where these fields are irregular on a more or less current basis can be seen in such regions as the area called the Bermuda triangle, or the "monster sea" off Japan. There are eighteen of these areas within the Earth, and the fluctuation of atmospheric phenomena around them is often indicative to shifts that affect and influence the upper atmosphere. The passage of certain heavy bodies such as comets and similar phenomena can indeed influence the upper atmosphere aspects, and crucial among these is the presence of what is called the "tails" of comets, which do more to influence the upper atmosphere than is currently understood or "believed". Let us therefore point out that knowledge of plasma metallurgy, along with the entire range of weather and upper atmospheric functions, can be related, along with "astrological" influences, to show shifts that are somewhat regular - and we stress somewhat - as well as anticipatable though not in the strictest sense "predictable". The presence of sulfuric acid in the upper atmosphere, such as is left after significant volcanic eruptions, can also play a role in the state of the ozone layer, as well as having impact on the air "we" all breathe. Volcanic activity, incidentally, is generally greater during times of reduced magnetic field activity, and less during the most heightened magnetic field activity."
Danjo has linked "astrological" influences to the Primordial Black Holes because they are bounded by a Schwartzchild singularity of the metric tensor (a relativistic quantity describing space and time). Now, Yarbro seems to be re-enforcing Danjo's theory that there is a PBH at the Earth's core. This provides the causal mechanism for astrology and Danjo demonstrates correlation as well.12 Vulcan's future impact on Earth (Michael) may be magnetic or astrological. Related magnetic perturbations of the Earth's core have recently occurred (discussed later). Astrological opposites, squares, trines and sextiles could be formed between Vulcan and the galactic center as Vulcan moves around an elliptical orbit's perigee.
EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL ALIEN SOURCES
Mr. and Mrs. Hill were driving home one evening in 1961 when they saw an object which appeared like a downed aircraft.13 When they went to investigate, they were taken aboard and subjected to a medical examination. After the examination, Mrs. Hill asked one of her abductors (the leader?) where they were from. She was shown a star map, which she succeeded in remembering after several sessions of hypnotic regression. See Figure 3.
She was told that the lines between circles are "trade routes". The solid lines are triangles indicating stars frequently visited. The dotted lines indicated expeditions. Danjo claims all lines are double lines. The triangular lines are parallel lines like railroad tracks merging in the distance. The trade routes are between planets within a binary star system.
Danjo extensively analyzed this map in light of his planet formation theory.14 See Figure 4. The trading routes are between planets of Alpha Centauri's A & B stars. The triangular lines of communication are between stars which Strand15 (as early as 1943) and Soviet astronomers16 discovered to have planets. See Table 1. Thus, Mrs. Hill's star map is likely valid. Danjo claims that only multiple star systems can form planets. All the stars on this map (except the Sun) are known to be binary or multiple star systems, thus Danjo's theory of planet formation is also likely valid. Moreover, the Sun (S) has a star (V, for Vulcan) adjacent to it which Danjo claims is the Sun's binary companion star.
Danjo predicted the separation of the Sun/Vulcan system by scaling its separation on the Hill map to the star (T) that appears to be Proxima Centauri in the Alpha Centauri star system. First, Danjo computed the actual logarithmic scale factor between Alpha Centauri and Procyon and found it to be 1:1.076. Then he measured this same value from the Hill star map and found it to be in close agreement (1:1.097). Even the separation of Alpha Centauri's two large A and B stars can be likewise determined. He computed it to be 18 to 25 AU while the actual value is known to astronomers to vary between 11 to 35 AU. Since Danjo has shown that these aliens count in binary14, the error bounds associated with the logarithmic scaling of Sun/Vulcan system are estimated to be at least +/- half of the last binary value. Danjo obtained two separate estimates of the Sun/Vulcan separation; one 40 +/- 10 AU (scaled to lunar orbit) and the other 553 +/- 138 AU (scaled to star T).
Danjo estimated Vulcan's mass based on the assumption that the Neptune/Triton system was cast by the Sun and that the Pluto/Charon system was cast by Vulcan. He deduced that Vulcan is 1.18% solar mass if Pluto is cast 43.4 AU from Vulcan as a single planet and 2.94% solar mass if it is cast as a double planet 108.6 AU from Vulcan. The more distant Vulcan envisioned in this work implies that Pluto was cast n times farther away where n = 2, 4, or 8. Table 4 shows the values of n/range (AU)/mass (% solar mass):
Possible Masses Of Vulcan
Type Casting n = 2 Range/Mass n = 4 Range/Mass n = 8 Range/Mass Single Planet: 86.8 AU/2.36% 173.6 AU/4.72% 347.2 AU/9.94% Double Planet: 217.2 AU/5.88% 434.4 AU/11.76% 868.8AU/23.52%
The Michael material indicates that Vulcan's half period is "several thousand years" which implies that only the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th harmonics listed in Table 2 are valid. The Hill map further limits the choices to the 4th, 5th and 6th harmonic values. It is interesting to notice that the 5154 year orbital period (the 5th harmonic of the Earth's 25,770 year wobble) along with a latus rectum of 154 AU yields an aphelion of 555 AU. This latter values assumes a "Bode law" dependence on the latus rectum, and this may not be the actual case in fact. The Bode law is only one way to assume a value of the latus rectum which (by computation) implies the semi-minor axis of Vulcan's orbital ellipse. The following astrology section offers a quantifiable method to determine these orbital parameters.
DATA FROM THE AVATARS' DATE OF BIRTH
Many (e.g. Vedic) astrologers claim the Sun has a dark star companion. Esoteric astrology associates it (Vulcan) with the manifestation of the avatars. Bailey (interpreting Blavatsky's theosophy - which is steeped in astrology) states that "Vulcan controls the anvil-like process of time and ... is forging the way for the coming avatar".17 Or, "Vulcan brings in what might be called the endurance like aspect of the will-to-be which carries the incarnated Son of God through the experiences of the dark time...". Vulcan forming avatars acts like the Moon when it forms the ensouled human being on the Earth. For those unfamiliar with this relationship, the Moon, (which is the agent of fertilization) projects its astral ray at the time of conception through the same right ascension (or its opposite) which later corresponds to the Rising Sign at the time of birth 18. The Vulcan/Sun alignment is analogous to the Moon/Earth alignment, except that the Earth must be in between them.
Man (as are all sentient beings) is focused in two directions. Part is focused outwardly onto the world (or the physical plane). The other part is focused inwardly on the heart (or the astral/desire plane). We have two principle soul mates. One is our Task Companion who aids us in our efforts focused outwardly and the other is our Essence Twin who aids us in our inward focus. The avatars are analogies to these two soul mates, only for all mankind. One, the Transcendental soul, aids all mankind in focusing outwardly onto the world. Examples are Zoroaster, Socrates, Mohammed and Gandhi. They influence social change. Infinite soul avatars are Sri Krishna, Lao Tzu, Buddha and Christ. They are very loveable and help us focus inwardly onto the heart. Both often inadvertently start religions.
The avatars influence our entire civilization. They do not enter a physical body at its time of birth, but rather take over one with the voluntary consent of the owner. Sometimes, physical forces (like drowning or starvation) must be applied to help the original soul exit the body. Thus, Siddhartha Gautama almost starved to death under the bodhi tree and Jesus may have been almost drown at the baptism. There must be another physical host body available on Earth at the time of the manifestation when the Sun/Vulcan system is at the Rising Sign to form an avatar. These times should not be confused with the birth time of the host bodies, (e.g. Jesus on 31 March 3 BC, around 8:20 AM; or Gandhi on 2 October 1869, around 07:33 AM). The soul of the avatar replaces that of the host body near 35 years of age (e.g. at the baptism of Jesus when His soul was exchanged for that of Christ's). Buddha, Christ and Gandhi are the only avatars for whom a reliable manifestation time is available.
Astrological configurations flavor their manifestations. The Magi used Chinese astrology when seeking and identifying the "new born" Messiah (Appendix B). Since at least one avatar (Gandhi) considered the physical plane to be hell and Christ didn't seem anxious to remain incarnate, Vulcan/Sun oppositions may be expected for the manifestations of all avatars. Vulcan conjunct the Sun implies Christ's manifestation may be brief. Vulcan conjunct the Sun for Buddha indicates his long mission on earth.
Tables 5 and 6 contain manifestation times/associated angular locations of Vulcan for two Infinite soul avatars (Buddha and Christ) and one Transcendental soul avatar (Gandhi). The Infinite soul avatars manifest when the Sun, Vulcan and the Rising Sign are in conjunction or opposition, and therefore provides related declination, right ascension (RA) and time. The Transcendental soul manifests when Vulcan and the Rising Sign (or the Sun +/- 1 hr.) are in conjunction or opposition and provides only time and RA. There are two possible manifestation times for Buddha and two possible RAs for Gandhi. Note, the points occur in pairs with each removed 180 deg. (12 hours) from the other. Table 6 lists the geocentric, heliocentric RA ( Beta, delta - Epoch 2000) and the drift of the equinox (alpha) [i. e. the first point of Aires (A)] from its position opposite the galactic center on 4068 BC.
Three Ephemerides Of Vulcan Derived From Three Avatars
Pt. Date; Time(GMT)
Right Ascension (RA)
A 8 Dec. 531 BC; 00:37 Z 04:46 +/- 00:04 22:40 N/S B ( The Same Time 16:46 +/- 00:04 22:40 S/N) C 8 Dec. 413 BC; 00:39 Z 04:49 +/- 00:04 22:40 N/S D ( The Same Time 16:49 +/- 00:04 22:40 S/N)
E 4 Mar. 33 AD; 04:05 Z 11:08 +/- 00:04 06:32 N/S F ( The Same Time 23:08 +/- 00:04 06:32 S/N)
L 22 June 1906 AD; 09:00 Z 10:26 +/- 0:20 ? M (The Same Time 22:26 +/- 0:20 ?) P 22 June 1906 AD; 09:00 Z 05:59 +/- 01:00 23:27? N/S Q ( The Same Time 17:59 +/- 01:00 23:27? S/N) * = +/- 1:30
The Drift Of The Equinox And Vulcan's Longitude At The Avatar's Birth
Pt. Avatar Beta: Vulcan's Long. Alpha: Drift Of Equinox Delta: Heliocentric Long./Dec.
A Buddha *4.7666 hr. 3.352 hr. 7.1400 hr./-44.56 deg. B Buddha *16.7666 hr. 3.352 hr. 19.1400 hr./+44.56 deg. C Buddha 4.8167 hr. 3.466 hr. 7.0440 hr./-44.9 deg S D Buddha 16.8167 hr. 3.466 hr. 19.0440 hr.
E CHRIST 11.133 hr. 3.876 hr. 12.9493 hr./+0.887 deg. F CHRIST 23.133 hr. 3.876 hr. 0.9493 hr./-
L GANDHI 10.433 hr. 5.620 hr. 10.4933 hr./ - M GANDHI 22.433 hr. 5.620 hr. 22.4933 hr./ - P GANDHI 5.9833 hr. 5.620 hr. 6.0654 hr./ -44.0222 deg. Q GANDHI 17.9833 hr. 5.620 hr. 18.0654 hr./ +44.0222 deg.
DATA FROM THE DAWN OF MANKIND
The last, and probably most unreliable astrological data point, comes from a surprising source. A grade B movie "Phase IV" offers an amazing pictorial of one possible astronomical configuration needed to form a sentient species.19 In this dramatization, common "ants" become ensouled. Rather, the entire nest or hive becomes a single sentient being. The preamble of the movie offers one example of a set of anticipated astronomical events. Figure 5, discussed as follows, depict 7 frames from this movie:
1. A nondescript star field is shown. Then the camera pans around until ...
2. A dense cluster of stars is shown which is interpreted herein as the galactic center.
3. Then the camera continues to pan around a nondescript star field again until ...
4. A dark planet appears, interpreted herein to be Vulcan.
5. From behind Vulcan comes the Sun.
6. Then a planetary body (Earth) appears illuminated by the Sun.
7. Then, Vulcan, the Sun and Earth become aligned. The narrative indicates that this event was expected to produced something, and that something turned out to be the "unexpected" ensoulment of an ant colony. The entire "ant colony" became a member of a sentient species.
This movie illustrates an envisioned astronomical alignment at the dawn of the sentient "ant colony." This arrangement, or some variation of it, flavors the formation of all sentient species. Danjo claims that all sentient species must form in a multiple (e.g. double) star system.12 A multiple star system is needed both to form planets and to provide a mechanism for avatars to manifest in the culture of the sentient species which could evolve.
The strongest element of mankind is its most popular Chief Feature, Stubbornness (the fear of change). Change is what it can do best, but what it resists the most. When mankind, a warrior species (according to Danjo) mixes its action-oriented polarity in a negative way with Stubbornness, it generates negative results. For example, this fear makes us slow learners because we take things on faith. Squares (90 deg.) and opposites (180 deg.) are unfavorable. Trines (120 deg.), sextiles (60 deg.) and conjunctions (0 deg.), are favorable aspects. Vulcan well aspected to the galactic center brings benefits from spirituality by encouraging its positive pole, verification. There are more astrologers than astronomers even though modern science denigrates it. The influence of this spiritual science has impacted the birth of modern countries and some bear its symbols on their national flag. Vulcan square/opposite (delta x = 5.67 hr) the galactic center at the dawn of mankind (DOM) is suspected because we cling to the negative pole of spiritualism, faith. Thus, we faithfully adhere to spiritual assumptions and go to war to support religious causes. The alignment illustrated in the Phase IV movie is favorable because the Sun and Vulcan where in conjunction. The ants, ensouled under these aspects, best their militant human antagonists. They destroy the hostile individual while detaining the others for study.
During the formation of a sentient species, some astrological aspect is likely. For mankind, one of several models suggest that the Sun and Earth must be aligned with the first point of Aires and the galactic center. Here are some possible justifications:
A. The Sun, Vulcan and the Earth must be at some astrological aspect because the formation of a sentient species is somewhat the same as the formation of an avatar (such as the Infinite soul). The sentient species is a primitive physical manifestation of an avatar. It is basically the group spirit of the animal which is being ensouled (Homo Sapiens - the naked ape in our case) which is broken into billions of pieces, with each one sent down to dwell within a selected animal of that species.
B. This arrangement must be aligned with the galactic center because this is the source of the "astral radiation" that permits the fragment of the animal's group spirit to be inserted into the organism at birth. The personality of each one of us is most strongly influenced by the "Rising Sign" in western astrology or the "birth hour" in various forms of Chinese astrologies. This parameter basically involves the angle from the galactic center each one of us assumes at birth.
C. The galactic center must be conjunct or opposite the "first point of Aires" to within 3 deg. because our previous group spirit was that of an animal and that animal (as with most land mammals) gave birth in the spring. This was necessary to give the baby animals the warm spring, summer and fall months to mature so they could be relatively self-sufficient. The transition from group to individual soul came in the spring because there had to be a smooth transition. Thereafter, men were born with an indwelling soul.
Most species are not chosen for ensoulment. Only two can be chosen in a binary star system because only two types of avatars can be formed from the appropriate alignment of the planet and the two (binary) stars. Not all species will choose the "first point of Aires." Creatures governed by a group spirit tend to give birth at a time which yields the best chances for survival. So another sentient species may choose some other astronomical aspect which best fits their procreation during their transition to a sentient life form.
Two astronomical/astrological conclusions can be drawn. First, for the "first point of Aires" to be aligned with the galactic center, it must be precessed backwards about 85.5 deg. from its current location. This would take about 6058 years, placing the dawn of mankind at about 4068 +/- 215 BC. Note that this time is in nominal co-incidence with the Christian estimation that Adam and Eve were formed about 4004 BC8 (a date also subject to some errors when estimating generations or lengths of lives involved). Homo Sapiens (an animal) existed long before this time, although there were brief "flashes" of ensoulment as our solar system encountered strong "side lobes" of astral radiation from the galactic center. According to anthropologists, the mankind we understand today began in the Neolithic (7,000 - 4,000 BC) because massive numbers of humans then became ensouled. But first ensoulment took place 50,000 - 60,000 years ago20, near the beginning of the last glacial age.
DOWSING AND DIVINATION SOURCES
Two other methods of divination were employed in an attempt to gain information. These were dowsing and casting of the I-Ching. Results from both are listed in Table 7.
Al Beishline is an experienced map dowser who has successfully dowsed the location of stars known to have with solar systems (planets).2, 15, 16 He has attempted to locate Vulcan other predicted planets. He places its current angular position near the M 46 galaxy. Previously, he has dowsed RA to within one or two hrs. and declination to about 4 deg. - 20 deg. However, frequently there is a mirror image error in his values. He dowsed Vulcan's orbital inclination to be 38 deg. south. Computing Vulcan's inclination from the dowser's current declination implies its inclination is 19.5 deg. + 13 deg. = 32.5 deg. south (5.5 deg. different). The small separation from the Sun (44 AU) suggest that Vulcan's (or another planet's) location (or the mirror image of a current location) was dowsed. The dowser's ranges have been in error by 3% to 14% when the range of nearby stars was dowsed.
Sam Abraham, while a relative novice, is gaining a local reputation for casting the I-Ching. The I-Ching is cast by selecting a marked stick from a set of 16 sticks. This selection is made a total of 6 times, the result defining a hexagram. The hexagram provides guidance in resolving questions. For example, before it was realized that Vulcan may be associated with dangerous comets, the following question was asked. "How would you describe Vulcan presently?" Hexagram H41 with changing lines #1 and # 6 was obtained which converted this hexagram to hexagram H7 . The first hexagram (H41) describes the situation as it has been and it advised that Vulcan was "diminishing." The H41 to H7 changing lines indicate:
1. The matter at hand is coming to a high point, then quickly going.
6. It is not diminishing, but advancing, and that inquiry by divination and the results thereof is advantageous. It is advantageous to have a specific goal or purpose.
These statements imply that Vulcan is currently at aphelion.
The second hexagram, (H7) is described as "leading or legions." It is interpreted as implying that there is an unorganized bunch of things which need to be organized (perhaps into functional units). These statements sound like it would be wise to organize (analyze) the comets which may be associated with Vulcan or its orbit.
Subsequently, the I-Ching was asked another question. "What is the nature of the forces which cause Vulcan-related meteors (the biblical Wormwood & Company) to strike Earth?" Hexagram H53 with changing lines #1, #3 and # 6 was obtained which converted this hexagram to hexagram H3 . The first hexagram (H53) describes a "gradual development" or "clouds gathering" while the second hexagram (H3) describes "assembly," "accumulation" or "bringing under control (like establishing a military camp)." The changing lines imply:
#1 Development beginning. #1, 3 and 6 image a flight of migrating geese.
#3 Exceeded pace of gradual development (have not followed the course prescribed).
#6 Gradual development has reached and passed its peak.
EVALUATION OF DATA FROM UNUSUAL SOURCES
The following ranks the credibility of points/information defining Vulcan's orbit.
1st. The Christ point - because much is derived which is verified by data about Christ.
2rd. The initial IRAS press release indicates Vulcan moving (past apogee) 5. Michael claims it is just past apogee. An unexplained magnetic field jerk (1969-70)coincides with an anomalous variation in the rotation of the Earth's solid core (moving 3 deg. per year faster than the mantle) 21.
3th. Vulcan is in a highly elliptical orbit (like Sitchin's "12th" planet) and this point is supported by Yarbro who claims that Vulcan will be affecting Earth (magnetically?) in several thousand years.
4nd. The Buddha point - because it, combined with the Christ point, predicts that Vulcan will be in an orbit inclined to the ecliptic plane at around 45 degrees. But calendar differentials induce modest errors.
5th. The GANDHI point - because he is a different type Avatar than Christ.
6th. The Dawn Of Mankind point - whose values are aspects between Vulcan/the galactic center.
The order of importance the data implies that the astrological data should be mixed with Yarbro's data because both provide quantitative information. The astrological points (see Figures 6 - 9) provide both the nearly circular orbits (investigated by Danjo) and highly elliptical orbits considered herein. Both Yarbro, Beishline and Abraham indicate that Vulcan is in a highly elliptical orbit. It is worth noting that all divination mechanisms evaluated herein indicated that Vulcan's orbit is highly inclined to the ecliptic. See Table 7. The inclinations found have a spread of 7 degrees and any are sufficient to support Danjo's planet formation theory. Combined, these imply that Vulcan is near aphelion in a highly inclined elliptical orbit.
Data Derived From Other Methods Of Divination
Parameter Dowsed (20 Nov. 95) I-Ching (15 Feb. 96)
Current RA (hours) 7.4 14.62
Current Dec. (degrees) -13 -25.31
Distance From Sun In AU 44 - Orbital Inclination 38 41
Mass (% Solar Mass) 0.1% 2.65% or 4.3%
ANALYSIS - PHYSICAL DATA IMPACTING CANDIDATE VULCAN ORBITS
Table 8 lists Vulcan's orbital period which can be derived from astrological data (see Tables 5 & 6). The orbit periods are determined from Gauss' equal areas for equal time rule. The orbital inclination is determined by crossing the vectors of the Christ/Buddha points and all are about +/- 45 deg. to the ecliptic. All assume that Vulcan passed apogee in 1970 (see the "magnetic activities" in the Evaluation Of Data and the Spiritual Sources "Michael" quotes). That time coincides with an anticipated perturbation (jerk) of the Earth's geomagnetic field. That jerk is also correlated with a dramatic displacement of the Earth's core spin axis (an event of significant energy).21 See Figure 10. Viscous forces are of relatively minor importance in determining the orientation of the core. The coincidence between the geomagnetic jerk and rapid change of Earth's inner core orientation suggests that its rotation is influenced by the magnetic field. Should Vulcan's and the Sun's PBH still be restrained by the laws of quantum mechanics, the Earth's PBH may also re- orient as Vulcan passes aphelion.
Eight Highly Elliptical Orbits For Vulcan (parallax not included)
B:E:L* 5116.90 0.802/- 44.6 296.94 535.1 58.8 B:E:P* 4896.07 0.397/- 44.6 288.34 402.8 173.9 D:E:L* 4847.27 0.836/- 44.7 286.41 525.8 47.0 D:E:P* 4689.14 0.468/- 44.7 280.15 411.3 149.0 A:E:M# 4262.84 0.324/44.6 262.91 348.1 177.7 A:E:Q# 5044.11 0.487/44.6 294.12 437.4 150.9 C:E:M# 4180.88 0.410/44.6 259.52 365.9 153.1 C:E:Q# 4794.41 0.555/44.7 284.33 442.1 126.5 * Retrograde Orbits/Vulcan Now In The Southern Hemisphere
# Posigrade Orbits/Vulcan Now In The Northern Hemisphere
The A:E:Q and C:E:Q models places Vulcan within error bounds of an unidentified IRAS (InfraRed Astronomical Survey) object. Additionally, it is contained within Harrison's box of unusual pulsars which bound Vulcan's possible location. IRAS object 1732+239 (the V point) seems an ideal candidate for Vulcan. It's about 12.3 deg. in RA and 0.5 deg. in dec. from the GANDHI Q point and well within the RA (1 hr. or 15 deg.) and dec. error bounds. When the V point is used, the C:E:Q model is redesignated as the C:E:V model (see Appendix A).
VIABLE VULCAN ORBITS
Following is a comparison between the various orbits for Vulcan computed herein. See Table 9. The A:E:V model best fit the presented physical data for Vulcan's orbit. The B:E:Q model, and to a lesser degree the A:E:Q (A:E:V), D:E:L and C:E:Q (C:E:V) models' aphelions fit the bounds of the 553 +/- 138 AU Sun/Vulcan separation derived from the Hill map.
Evaluation Of Possible Vulcan Orbits
Perihelion Aphelion Ecc. B:E:L* 0.7%/5th No Yes?- B Yes-SM@ Yes-Y B:E:P* 5.0%/5th No No-Y No- SM No-Y D:E:L* 6.0%/5th No Yes- B Yes-SM Yes-Y D:E:P* 9.2%/6th No Maybe- Y Maybe-SM Maybe-Y
A:E:M# 0.8%/6th No No-Y No- SM No?-Y A:E:Q# 2.7%/5th Yes-H Maybe- Y Maybe-SM Maybe-Y C:E:M# 2.7%/6th No Maybe- Y No-SM No?-Y C:E:Q# 7.0%/5th Yes-H Maybe- Y Maybe-SM Maybe-Y *Retrograde Orbits Placing Vulcan In The Southern Hemisphere
#Posigrade Orbits Placing Vulcan In The Northern Hemisphere
Code after - means:
- B = fits Beishline dowsed results
- H = fits Harrison's pulsar anomalies
- Y = fits Yarbro's prediction
- SM = fits the Hill star Map
- * = within 2.8%
The eccentricity of the B:E:L (epsilon = 0.80) and D:E:L (epsilon = 0.84) retrograde orbits best fit Yarbro's description of a long elliptical orbit whose half period is several thousand years. The B:E:L and A:E:M orbits (See Table 8 & 9) are within 1.0% of the 6th & 5th harmonic of the Earth's wobble (5154 years). The IRAS corrected A:E:V model is also within 1%. Vulcan may influence the Earth's wobble by tidal forces, but more likely by related comet strikes. The B:E:L/D:E:L orbits have perihelions of 59/47 AU respectively, maybe close enough to nudge the Earth's wobble ever so slightly retrograde. Yet, their nodes are far away enough not to cause dramatic effects on the orbits of the inner planets but the outer ones would be perturbed.. Both, especially the latter, perihelions are close to the dowsed value (44 AU).
The A:E:V and C:E:V models are the most viable, placing Vulcan in the northern hemisphere. See Table 10. Normally, the C:E:V model would be rejected. But, Vulcan's astrological aspects at the dawn of mankind (DOM) further predicts its impact on mankind (see Data From The Dawn Of Mankind section) and can be used to refine its orbit. The DOM occurred during the spring when the 1 st point of Aires was opposite the galactic center at about 55,754 BC +/- 200 years (+/- 3 deg.). If the A:E:V orbit is used a 13 deg. miss-match in RA occurs. Assuming the date of the C point to be a lunar rather than solar calendar date, the C point shifts forward 26 days to C' (3 January) +/- 5 days. Thus, 26 deg. must be added to the RA of the C point. A C':E:V orbit with a 5030 year period results placing Vulcan opposite the galactic center about 55,862 BC (within the 3 deg. error limit) 11.5 revolutions ago. The C':E:V model has an Ó = 0.545, and therefore has a slightly greater aphelion than the A:E:V model. The C':E:V model is favored. The A:E:V/C':E:V delta is about 1.25%/2.5% in period/Ó.
Two Highly Elliptical Orbits For Vulcan (parallax not included)
A:E:V 5092.7 0.531/49.0 296.0 453.3 138.8
C:E:V 4829.7 0.595/49.1 285.7 455.6 115.8 C'E:V 5030.0 0.545/49.1 293.6 453.7 133.6
Marine sedimentation oxygen isotope(oxygen 18/oxygen 16) ratios have been linked to global ice. Records over the last 0.7 million years indicate eight glacial periods with five or ten thousand year fine structure (Figure 11).22
We are now at the bottom of an inter-glacial period. Earth is relatively warm, the and much rain forms over the warm ocean waters. Massive numbers of humans have incarnated to experience life on the physical plane during these pleasant times.
Danjo 1 scales the Sun's casting of Neptune to Vulcan's casting of Pluto in order to estimate Vulcan's mass. Pluto was cast from Vulcan at 173.6 AU. Vulcan's ascending/descending node at 285/182 AU indicates that Pluto casting would not have been blocked by the Sun. Therefore it was cast as a single planet. Using the C':E:V orbit, Danjo's model implies that Pluto transferred into solar orbit while Vulcan was near perihelion. Thus, its estimated orbit is.
[173.6 (Table 4) - 133.6 (Table 10)] cos (49 deg. - 17 deg.) = 33 AU (30 AU is Pluto's measured perihelion value).
Table 4 then indicates that Vulcan's mass is 4.72% solar mass. The Zapolsky/Salpeter cold sphere model indicates that stars ignite when greater than 8% solar mass. Wolf 424's secondary star (the smallest ignited star) is reported to be 5.1% solar mass suggesting that stellar PBHs help ignite stars. Its PBH (being much larger) emits far less power than Earth's PBH but there is little hydrogen to ignite near the Earth's core. The co-orbit of this star system (and their related masses) is still a subject of debate. The 4.72% mass estimate indicates that Vulcan is a brown dwarf star.
Harrison 6 has noticed a quadrant of unusual pulsars whose pulse rates appear artificially accelerated possibly because a dark star (Vulcan) is causing our entire inner solar system to wobble. Communications indicate that he no longer has much faith in his published results. However, it may be imprudent to dismiss them so quickly. All Vulcan's retrograde orbits are computed using the GANDHI L or P points and none fit within Harrison's unusual pulsar quadrant. But the C':E:V and A:E:V orbits using the IRAS V23 point do. See Appendix A.
If Vulcan is IRAS object 1732+239, then it is in Harrison's quadrant which runs from 17.5 to 19.9 hr RA with declinations from -27 deg. to +32 deg. See Figure 1. This quadrant reaches 59 deg. above the ecliptic. Harrison offers an (order of magnitude) equation by which the nominal mass of this dark star may be determined based on his observed acceleration, "a double dot" (averaged from his unusual pulsars). Here R is measured in AU, "a double dot" is acceleration (cm/sec. exp.2) and mu is Vulcan's mass fraction of the Sun (i.e Mass Vulcan/Mass Sun).
a double dot = 0.6 times mu/R2 = 10-6
Vulcan's current position (A:E:V orbit) implies that its mass is 34% solar mass indicating that it should be ignited. Harrison expects it to be less than 10% solar mass.
THE IMPENDING COMET STRIKES
Mankind has peered at the cratered surfaces of the Moon and the inner planets with telescopes and satellites for centuries, yet most deny that an asteroid, meteor or comet impacting Earth could be eminent. Recent bombardment of Jupiter by Shoemaker/Levi 9 and even the Earth has been witnessed24 and still most resist the possibility that it could happen to us. Even though Christ and Moses warned us, our minds remain closed.
Mars, Mercury and the Moon (backside most heavily cratered) are scarred with impact sites. Cratering on Mars and Mercury shows some differentiation. Venus (spinning almost perpendicular to the ecliptic) is uniformly covered with impact sites. While there are several impact sites on the Earth, weathering has covered much of the evidence. Impacts from objects the size of a small mountain (6 kilometers) could easily be absorbed and hidden by the oceans and jungles like the strike north of the Yucatan. Additionally, some of the comets may be made of organic ices and may not be truly gigantic. However, Iceland may be the result of a large meteor collision, one which fractured the plate forming the mid-Atlantic ridge. Resulting volcanic activity may mask the actual impact site and initiate glacial periods. Frequent periodic strikes could also fine tune the precession (wobble) of the Earth's spin axis. Should comets strike from a fixed direction at an odd sub-multiple of the Earth's natural wobble period (25,770 years), their effects would not randomize out.
Comets may be formed by the detonation of small Planetary Primordial Black Hole (PBH) seeds (see the Introduction). Vulcan's postulated small (Pluto like) planets, now orbiting Sol, have yet to be found and the debris from detonated ones will be elusive. These detonated planetary seeds are from the primordial solar system and form comet like material. Hubble data25 estimates 0.2 billion comets orbiting Sol out to 500 AU.
Vulcan's elliptical orbit is likely responsible for the Kuiper belt, a doughnut-shaped region of asteroid sized objects extending from the orbit of Neptune out to one or two hundred AU. As they drift around the Sun, Vulcan will draw them toward its orbital plane and sweep them from a region between its perihelion and aphelion. See Figure 12.
Vulcan spend's most of its time near aphelion and attracts comets from the Oort cloud toward this point canceling much of their angular momentum. When they approach Vulcan, their orbits will be de-stabilized by a tidal disruptive force which occurs outside its Sphere-of-Influence (SOI).26 The SOI is estimated at 0.15 to 0.5 AU. Some will begin to fall toward the inner solar system in long thin highly elliptical (epsilon about 1) orbits with a semi-major axis (a) half Vulcan's aphelion range (plus about 2 AU of de-stabilization range). The comets' orbits are often modified as they pass near planets. But the initial incoming direction is most often from Vulcan's aphelion. The comets will also have a small SOI (about = 450 times their diameter at aphelion) where a cloud of orbiting hydrocarbon particles may be found. As the comets near the Sun, their SOI collapses into a planet sized cloud. This becomes a leading and trailing cluster of hail which ignites as it enters Earth's atmosphere. Explicitly, this is Christ's predicted "hail of fire mixed with blood" or Michael's "cloud ofdust".
Kuehne notes that there is a 3:2 resonance between Vulcan's A:E:V orbit period and that of the comets. Comets near the inner planets (n + 1/2) periods after aphelion; or 1718 years (1/15 of the Earth's 25770 year wobble period) for n = 0. For n = 1, perihelion again occurs in 5154 years (1/5 wobble). There are seldom first pass strikes because the comets orbit the Vulcan/Sun center of mass (C/M) which is offset from the inner planets. Strikes occur on the second pass since Vulcan, the Sun, their C/M and the inner planets are aligned with the comet's aphelion (e.g. two comet clouds form). As Vulcan moves from aphelion, danger lessens since the C/M moves the comets' orbit away from Earth's orbit.
Normally, Vulcan's acts like a "shepherding satellite" bunching the comet cluster near aphelion. But Vulcan's aphelion occurs 61 years before the debris cloud's aphelion and it is moving angularly 13.1 times faster. The cluster moves about 1.3 AU in this time. The region of de-stabilization (+/- 2 AU) is just outside Vulcan's SOI. The fly-by of the SOI at aphelion acts to briefly de-stabilizes the comet cluster by +/- about 100 years, thereby slightly re-timing it. Since Vulcan passed aphelion 3061 BC, peak danger will again occur about 2094 AD. Table 3 indicates comet range on 2000 AD for the anticipated strike date.
Marine sedimentation oxygen isotope ratios have been linked to global ice. Records over the last 0.7 million years indicate a fine structure of five or ten thousand years. Radiocarbon geochronological data indicates the Pleistocene/Holocene (the last glacial/inter-glacial) boundary at 10,300 +/- 200 years ago22 near a brief mini-glacial period. We are now at the bottom (global ice minimum) of an inter-glacial period indicating that it, and Noah's flood, were caused by minor comet strikes. Comparing these to the ones causing the Ice Ages, the next strikes will likely be larger.
Fusion of "avatar" and "Dawn Of Mankind (DOM)" astrological data with accepted physical data and a new planet formation theory provides Vulcan's orbital parameters estimated good to about 2.5%. Vulcan's orbital period is about 5030 years, eccentricity about 0.545 inclination (to the ecliptic) about 49 deg., and its mass is about 4.7% solar mass. Past planet searches (focusing on the northern hemisphere) have largely concentrated on regions within 30 deg. of the ecliptic.26 Viewed from the Earth the Sun and Vulcan were opposite the galactic center around 55,600 BC at the DOM. This alignment flavored our developing sentient species making it stubborn/faithful and resistant to seeking verification of scientific and spiritual theories.
Four items of physical evidence supports the postulated Vulcan orbit. First, one of the IRAS satellite's unidentified objects (1732+239) matches Vulcan's predicted location but only marginal range data exists. Second, this object is in the northern hemisphere and its location is consistent with that predicted by Harrison' unusual pulsars data. Third, Vulcan passing aphelion appears to jerk the Earth's geomagnetic field and perturb the rotation of its solid core (which is rotating 3 deg. per year faster than the Earth's mantle). Fourth, this orbit supports the hypothesis that historic comet strikes may be responsible for adjusting the value of the precession (wobble) of the Earth's spin axis precisely to its observed value. These dangerous comets have a 3436 year period and two clusters seem to alternately strike Earth around 5154 years after Vulcan's aphelion. Geochronological data indicates periodic increases in global ice (supporting frequent comet strikes). Radiocarbon analysis dates a mini Ice Age (possible strike) 10,300 years ago. Some historians date Noah's flood about 5150 years ago.
Comets have bombarded the inner solar system from Vulcan's aphelion,shaped the Earth's surface and provided its atmosphere & seas. Some may not find the possibility of future strikes surprising as it has been predicted for thousands of years. The best estimate of the next strike are between now and 2194 (2094 AD + 100) AD with early dates favored. The postulated location of Noah's strike near the Caspian occurred at about the same latitude as the Sodom & Gomorrah one. Both were small compared to the ones causing the Ice Ages. Zechariah's (14:4) predicted future impact site is as good as any, especially since the Lord (Christ?) has already set foot there. Chemical analysis and radiocarbon dating of organic material recovered from Noah's Ark would be most useful. However, ethnic hostilities in the Mount Ararat region combined with the prejudice of religious zealots hamper the recovery and analysis of this crucial data. Incidently, Jesus was born the morning of 31 March 3 BC (Saturday, the first day of Passover). Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) was born in January, close to 447 BC.
Should there be further concern about a possible comet strike, the next (and most difficult) step is the astronomical detection of Vulcan. Photographic imagery of Vulcan (and the comets) is recommended, with emphasis on the region near the unidentified IRAS object. Then, technology can be brought to bear, and the comets can be detected, deflected or destroyed. Survival of those of high rank in densely packed, well stocked bunkers may prove futile. They will only provide hosts for virulent and contagious new plagues. As we may be a "warrior" species, the military industrial complex is where "taking action" should start.
DISTANT UNRESOLVED IRAS POINT SOURCES
Contained are details relevant to the Washington Post and US News & World Report articles covering the protostar detected by the IRAS (infrared astronomical survey) satellite 5. IRAS scientists believed it to be part of our solar system, possibly moving toward Earth (i. e. past aphelion). The IRAS satellite is capable of measuring ranges of objects out to 30 AU based on two opposite sides of the Earth detections. Similarly, two detections on the opposite side of the Sun can accurately assess ranges out to 5,000 AU 23. The IRAS satellite was launched in the beginning of 1983 with a 10 month lifetime before it ran out of its liquid Helium detector coolant. It detected eight to nine thousand objects, most of which were correlated to known galaxies, comets, meteors or other known celestial bodies. Only three (maybe only one) of the nine original unidentified objects remains unresolved and another is questionable being referred to as a "hot spot" in the "cirrus" of debris particles in our galaxy. See Table A-1.
IRAS Unidentified Emission Objects
Decl.(deg.:':") Uncert. 60 œm/100 œm Flux
0358+223 03:58:02.8 22:18:00 84"X30" 0.68/1.5/44 Dis. Galx. 0404+101 04:04:44.7 10:11:52 66"X30" 0.56/4.2/26 Faint Galx. 0412+085 04:12:32.3 08:31:13 38"X30" 1.50/7.0/31 Hot Cirrus 0413+122 04:13:37.3 12:17:36 64"X30" 2.20/3.4/55 Triple Galx. 0422+009 04:22:54.0 00:56:06 38"X30" 0.68/3.0/31 Poss. Galx. 0425-012 04:25:21.1 - 01;14;50 66"X30" 0.75/2.0/39 Galx. 1703+049 17;03:01.4 04:57:50 100"X30" 0.72/1.7/41 Unknown 1712+100 17:12:57.8 10:04:08 104"X30" 0.65/1.9/37 Unknown 1732+239 17:32:51.4 23:56:36 78"X30" 0.54/1.8/29 Unknown (Vulcan?)
From flux measurements on these IRAS sources, which are rather cold, a range is estimated based on the assumption that it is from a Jovian size body. That range is about 50 billion miles (more precisely 570 AU). A Jovian planet would be heated to about 40 deg. K by the Sun at this range. The recorded temperature is based on the ratio of flux intensity in the 60 and 100 micron bands. See Table A-1. At least two detections on each of the nine IRAS objects was needed to confirm existence. Other published results provide right ascension and declination of IRAS objects which initially sparked interest (e.g. possible protostar in our own solar system). Six unidentified sources were found in the direction of Orion at a right ascension (RA) of about 4 hr. and three near about 17 hr. Associations of the objects near Orion with such things as galaxies (galx.) is reported. At least one near about 17 hr. remains unresolved. IRAS object 1732+239 (17 hrs. 33 min.). may be Vulcan. Table A-2 offers other orbital parameters of the C':E:V and A:E:V orbits. Time of perihelion, aphelion and ascending node from 1/1/1 AD is given. The declination of the A point must be shifted from the Table 6 value by 4.4 deg. to make it co-planar while the C' point must be changed by only by 1.8 degrees, close to the anticipated error.
Possible Vulcan Heliocentric Orbit Elements
Node Arg. Of
Point - Degrees
A:E:V -577.37 1969.00 18.66 255.71 192.22 -48.95
C':E:V -546.00 1969.00 19.12 255.77 192.21 -.49.06 * Times referenced to 1 January 1 AD
JESUS' DATE OF BIRTH
The following illustrates the utility of applying Chinese astrology to deduce the DOB of Jesus, etc. The events surrounding the birth (Table B-1), known items describing Him (Table B-2) and the Tzu Wei's description of Him (Table B-3) are contained herein.
Events Surrounding The Birth Of Jesus
- 4 BC: Augustus Caesar issues a decree that a census of the Roman empire be taken in the spring of 3 BC (possibly for the ultimate purposes of taxation).
- Pre 3 BC: Quirinius, Governor of Syria27, implements Caesar's decree in a way which will disturb the Jews least. He conspires with the Sanhedrin to direct the Jews to keep the Passover where their family records are held. Quirinius likely coordinated this action with Herod (Governor of Israel).
- 30 Mar. 3 BC: Joseph and a pregnant Mary arrive in Bethlehem (6 miles from Jerusalem) on Friday just before Passover begins at sundown and seek shelter.28
- 31 Mar. 3 BC: Jesus is born on this Sabbath morning, the first day of Passover, at 8:20 AM. Danjo deduces that Jesus was born in 3 BC and offers six possible dates and times (including this one).29
- 3-2 BC: The Magi30 visit Herod seeking the new born king of the Jews. They may have deduced the nominal year of Jesus's impending birth by applying the I - Ching astrological techniques31 to the prophecies of Daniel (appointed master of astrologers32 by Nebuchadnezzar). Daniel predicted the year the "anointed one" (Messiah) would appear.33 They compared the manifestation of the Buddha with these predictions, subtracting 35 years from Daniel's predicted year and arrived at the nominal birth year of the Jesus. Herod consults Jewish priests (the Sanhedrin)34 and discover that the "King of the Jews" was to be born in Bethlehem34 and related this information to the Magi. The Magi apply Tzu Wei astrological techniques to isolate specific dates when "king like" male children were born in Bethlehem. They find the record of Jesus' birth and depart for Nazareth.
- 17 Jun. 2 BC: The Magi (oriental scientists) from the east, anticipating a unique conjunction of Jupiter and Venus35 (one so close that the two planets appear to collide because their positions could not be resolved or separated by the unaided eye), coordinate their visit and presentation of gifts to Jesus because they want to make a lasting impression on an "avatar". The "stars" may have indeed led them to Jesus, because the Magi identified Jesus by using the Tzu Wei Chinese astrology. Polaris (not then at the pole) is the Tzu Wei or king star which gives this Chinese astrology its name.
- 9 Jan. 1 BC: Herod's soothsayers noted the total lunar eclipse35 on the midnight of this day and predicted that it bode ill for Herod who was besieged with problems (among other things, he had recently executed one of his sons for trying to usurp his throne and he was suspicious of the other).
- A little later: Herod, not having access to the Magi's astrology, uses the only information he has available. He tries to kill the new born king and end the threat of yet another possible usurper of his throne. He put to death babies in the greater Bethlehem area back to as far as January 3 BC. Jesus may have remained safe in Nazareth (66 miles north of Jerusalem) even if his family had not fled to Egypt. Herod failed to order that the records in Bethlehem be checked for the current location of all male children born during that period. The Jewish historian Josephus records the death of Herod shortly after the 9 January eclipse.35
Following are three descriptions of Christ. The first is held by the Catholic church and is from one of Caesar's agents in Palestine. The second comes from an Edgar Cayce reading and the last comes from Christ's imprint on the Shroud of Turin, His burial cloth. See table B-2.
Descriptions Of Jesus/Christ
- According to Publius Lentulus,36 agent for Tiberias Caesar
- "There has appeared in Palestine a man who is still living and whose power is extraordinary. He has the title given him of Great Prophet; his disciples call him the Son of God. He raises the dead and heals all sorts of diseases.
- He is a tall, well-proportioned man, and there is air of severity in his countenance which at once attracts the love and reverence of those who see him. His hair is the color of new wine from the roots to the ears, and thence to the shoulders it is curled and falls down to the lowest part of them. Upon his forehead, it parts in two after the manner of the Nazarenes.
- His forehead is flat and fair, face without blemish or defect and adorned with a graceful expression. His nose and mouth are very well proportioned, his beard is thick and the color of his hair. His eyes are grey and extremely lively.
- In his reproofs, he is terrible, but in his exhortations and instructions, amiable and courteous. There is something wonderfully charming in this face with a mixture of gravity. He is very straight in stature, his hands large and spreading, his arms are very beautiful.
- He talks little, but with a great quality, and is the handsomest man in the world."
- According to Edgar Cayce36 (Readings: 5354 and 1315-1)
- "A picture (of Jesus) that might be put on canvas... would be entirely different from all those that have been depicted - the face, the body, the eyes, the cut of the chin, and the lack entirely of the Jewish or Aryan profile. For these were clear, clean, ruddy. His hair almost like that of David, a golden brown, yellow red.
- The Master's hair is almost red, inclined to be curly in portions yet not feminine or weak - strong with heavy piercing eyes that are blue or steel-gray.
- His weight would be at least a hundred and seventy pounds. Long tapering fingers, nails well kept. Long nail, though, on the left little finger.
- Merry - even in the hour of trial. Joking - even in the moment of betrayal."
- According the Shroud of Turin37, His winding - sheet
- The man of the Shroud is 181 cm. (5 ft 11 in) tall, 170 lb with a cranial index of 79.9 cm. and a nasal index of 70.9 cm. His racial type is classic Mediterranean. Even casual observation of the Shroud depicts this subject as having a square face. The shoulders of His well-formed chest are partially obscured by scorches the Shroud sustained during a religious ceremony employing molten silver.
Following are the results of casting the Tzu Wei astrological chart for Jesus (data taken from the Personality house only). Notice the precise description of Jesus, and the corresponding correlation between those astrological results and the data supplied from scripture (the Bible) as well as sources listed in Table B-2. See table B-3.
Jesus' Tzu Wei Astrological Description (Supported By Scripture) (Note; X implies a major descriptor, implies a minor one)
- X Subject is tall, fair, square-faced and very attractive. This subject is a very kind person.
- X Subject has a full figure but is not fat, is light-skinned with beautiful features, especially the teeth. This subject has a good deal of common sense and is kind, charitable and humble and will have a very happy, long life. Subject has many loyal and capable people under his supervision (Matthew 4:18 - 22). This constellation presents the image of a lord with gallant knights at his service.
- X Subject is tall, with a healthy complexion: this subject is extremely attractive and appealing to the opposite sex (Luke 7:36- 50, 8:1-3, 10:38-42, 23:27-38) - this subject's looks exude health and intelligence. Subject is intelligent, very kind and serious. This astrological position offers the image of a king (Matthew 2:2, John 1:49).
- Subject is heavy in appearance, intelligent, humble. This subject enjoys life and its creature comforts.
- This indicates important literary significance. In the personality House, it signifies that the subject is intelligent, eloquent and charitable. He writes well and is a good thinker. He may be famous.
- The subject is joyful, loving, active and sentimental or eloquent, a good speaker (Matthew 23). Professional or academic success is also indicated. Subject may have a lover at a given period.
- Subject is quick, authorative (Matthew 7:29), proud and is a natural leader (Mark 1:27).
- Subject likes to help people, is well organized, intelligent, generous and a humanitarian (Matthew 9:35 - 36). This person will be happier living apart from his parents. Subject is straightforward (John 8:31 - 59).
- Subject is quick to forgive those who have wronged him (Matthew 5:44, 6:14 - 15, 18:21 - 22) and gives help to the unfortunate. This star will also counteract stars predicting illness - will make for recovery of the subject.
- This indicates that the subject is intelligent, studious (Luke 2:42) and poetic.
- Subject is talented and will be wealthy and famous (Matthew 4:23 - 25). Subject would make a very good military officer. Subject is a very competent worker.
- Subject is courageous, has the mind of a leader and has a good career.
- Subject has reddish hair and a hot temper; generally is not attractive. Subject is hot tempered and adventurous. This subject will have problems with the blood or mental problems; or, this subject was an adopted child or lived apart from his family when young.
- Indicates that subject's manner is cold, difficult, impersonal or antisocial; or that subject is lonely.
- Subject is intelligent and passionate, but impatient and too easy-going. This person enjoys his vices - gambling, drinking (Matthew 11:19, Luke 7:34, John 2:1-11), etc. This subject changes his mind often and lives for today, giving no thought to tomorrow (Matthew 6:34).
- Subject is intelligent, cheerful, kind, humble, slow-moving and is able to solve problems, overcome difficulties.
- An end to an ongoing happy state of affairs is indicated.
1. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS OF UNDISCOVERED PLANETS AND INTELLIGENT LIFE FORMS; D & L Associates, P. O. Box 2581, Sunnyvale CA, 94087; and Steven Hawking; A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME; Bantam Books, New York; April 1988; pg. 138.
2. Beishline, Blackburn and Warmkessel; FOLLOW - UP, DOWSING FOR EXTRA-TERRESTRIALS; American Association Of Dowsers; Fall 1996.
3. M. Davis et al.; EXTINCTION OF SPECIES BY PERIODIC COMET SHOWERS; Nature, Vol. 308; 19 April 1984; pg 715.
4. David Morrison and Clark R. Chapman; THE NEW CATASTROPHISM; Skeptical Inquirer, Vol. 14, Winter 1990; pp. 141 - 152; and: William J. Broad; FEDS MONITOR SPEEDING SPACE ROCKS; The Denver Post, Friday, 17 May 1996; pg. 30A.
5. J. R. Houck et. al.; UNIDENTIFIED POINT SOURCES IN THE IRAS MINISURVEY; The Astrophysical Journal, 278; 1 March 1984; pp. L63 - L66. and see Internet address
"...etis.com./members/millenium/ zetatalk/milplntx.htm" The Washington Post; 31 Dec. 1983 front page story, and; US News World Report; PLANET X - IS IT REALLY OUT THERE; 10 Sept. 1984.
6. E. Harrison; HAS THE SUN A COMPANION STAR? Nature, Vol. 270, No. 5635; 24 Nov. 1977; pp. 324 - 326.
7. Donald Westly Patten; THE BIBLICAL FLOOD AND THE ICE EPOCH; Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan or Pacific Meridian Publishing Co., 13540 Lake City Way N.E., Seattle, Washington 98125; 11th printing; 1966; pp. 31 - 34.
8. Paul J. Achtemeir; HARPERS BIBLE DICTIONARY; Harper & Roe Publishing Company; Back Cover.
9. Chelsa Quinn Yarbro; MICHAEL'S PEOPLE; Berkeley Publishing Group 200 Madison Avenue. New York NY 10016; 1988; pq. 15.
10. Chelsa Quinn Yarbro; MICHAEL'S PEOPLE; op. cit.; pg. 71.
11. Chelsa Quinn Yarbro; MICHAEL FOR THE MILLENNIUM; Berkeley Publishing Group, 200 Madison Avenue New York, New York 10016; 1995; pp 15 - 25.
12. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS OF UNDISCOVERED PLANETS AND INTELLIGENT LIFE FORMS; op. cit.; pp. 98, 127, 160.
13. John J. Fuller; THE INTERRUPTED JOURNEY; The Dial Press, New York, NY, 1966.
14. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS OF UNDISCOVERED PLANETS AND INTELLIGENT LIFE FORMS; op. cit.; pp. 86 - 96, 114.
15. K. A. Strand; TITLE?; Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.; Vol. 86; 1943; pg. 364; and; K. A. Strand; Sky AND TELESCOPE; Dearborn Observatory; December 1956; and; K. A. Strand; THE ORBITAL MOTION OF 61 CYGNI; The Astronomical Journal; Vol. 62, February 1957; pp 75, 248 -258.
16. A. N. Deich and O. N. Orlova; INVISIBLE COMPANIONS OF THE BINARY STAR 61 CYGNI; Astronomicheskii Zhurnal, Vol. 54, Mar. - Apr. 1977; pp. 327 - 339 and; A. N. Deich; NEW DATA ON UNSEEN COMPANIONS OF 61 CYGNI; Pistma Astron. Zhurnal, Vol. 4, Feb. 1978; pp. 95 - 98.
17. Alice A. Bailey; ESOTERIC ASTROLOGY; Lucis Publishing Co., 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 566-7, New York N.Y. 10017-18888; 1951; pp. 274, 375.
18. Max Heindel; THE ROSICRUCIAN COSMO-CONCEPTION; Wood & Jones, Pasadena, Calif; 1909; pg 89.
19. Nigil Davenport and Michael Murphey; PHASE IV; Paramount Home Video; April 1975.
20. Chelsa Quinn Yarbro; MICHAEL FOR THE MILLENNIUM; op. cit.; pg. 58.
21. W. Su, A. M. Dziewonski, R. Jeanloz; PLANET WITHIN A PLANET: ROTATION OF THE INNER CORE OF THE EARTH; and G. A. Glatzmier and P. H. Roberts; ROTATION AND MAGNETISM OF THE EARTH'S INNER CORE; Science, Vol. 274, 13 Dec. 1996, pp.1883 - 1891.
22. The New Encylopaedia Britannica; Encylopaedia Britannica Inc.; Chicago, 15 th edition - 1993; Vol. 19 (Geochronology - Nature of the Holocene record), pp. 860 - 870.
23. Sky And Telescope; THE FRIGID WORLD OF IRAS - II; Sky Publication Corporation; February 1984; pp. ll9ff, esp pg. 124; and: Sky And Telescope;FILLING IN THE IRAS BLANKS; Sky Publication Corporation; August 1984; pg. 116; and: Marc. Aaronson and Edward W. Olszewski; OPTICAL COUNTERPARTS OF UNIDENTIFIED IRAS POINT SOURCES: INFRARED LUMINOUS GALAXIES; Nature, Vol. 309; 31 May 1984; pp. 414 - 417;
24. ASSESSING THE THREAT FROM COMETS AND ASTEROIDS; Aerospace American; Published By The American Institute Of Aeronautics And Astronautics; August 1996; pg. 25.
25. R. Villard, A. Cochran, H. Levison, A. Stern and M. Duncan; HUBBLE IDENTIFIES A LONG-SOUGHT POPULATION OF COMETS BEYOND NEPTUNE; 186 Meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Pittsburgh, PA; 14 June 1995.
26. Tom Van Flandern; DARK MATTER, MISSING PLANETS & NEW COMETS; North Atlantic Books, P.O. Box 12327, Berkeley, CA 94710; 1993; pp. 137 - 140, 197 - 199 and 322.
27. A. N. Sherwin-White; ROMAN SOCIETY AND ROMAN LAW IN THE NEW TESTAMENT; Oxford; 1983; pp. 164-166. Quirinius had a dual governorship, one in 3-2 BC and another in 6-7 AD.
28. Historical computer generated calendar of ancient Jewish holy days covering the years of 4027 BC to 2399 AD. Developed by Mr. Joel Lillengreen. Calendar courtesy of Rick Sherrod Ph.D., Chair, History Department, Ambassador University, Big Sandy, Texas, 75755.
29. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; D & L Associates, P. O. Box 2581, Sunnyvale, CA 94087; 1994; pg. 216. Danjo's possible 3 BC dates include 31 Mar.; 8, 10, & 29 Apr.; 7 & 9 May between 8:20 - 10:20 AM (PM in text is a typographical error).
30. William Smith, LL.D; SMITH'S BIBLE DICTIONARY; Fleming H. Revell Comnany, Old Tappan, New Jersey 07675; 1977; pp. 364, 365; and; Encylopaedia Britannica; MAJI; Micropaedia Vol. VI, 15th edition; pg. 482.
31. Yari Danjo; ASTRO-METRICS Of Undiscovered Planets And Intelligent Life Forms; op. cit.; pg. 206.
32. William Smith, LL.D; SMITH'S BIBLE DICTIONARY; op. cit.; pp. 364 and Daniel 5:11, 9:24-27.
33. Harold W. Hoehner; CHRONOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE LIFE OF CHRIST; Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Idaho; 1977.
34. Matthew 2:6 which refers to Micah 5:2.
35. Roger W. Sinnott; SKY AND TELESCOPE; Sky Publishing Corp., 49 Bay State Rd, Cambridge, Mass.; December, 1986; pg 632 ff. For a slightly more detailed model, see: Fred Schaff; OMNI; Omni publications, Ltd., 1965 Broadway, New York, NY 100255965; Vol 14, No. 1, October 1991; pg 25.
36. Jeffrey Furst; EDGAR CAYCE'S STORY OF JESUS; Berkeley Books, New York 1968; pq 239.
37. Ian Wilson; THE SHROUD OF TURIN; op. cit.; pq 34 ff.