Carvings on a Stone a few miles east of Oil City, Pa, tell the ancient story of the Egyptian discovery of America during the Old Kingdom. America was discovered via the Bering Sea in the Fourth Dynasty. All the Atlantic crossings were discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. However, in the Sixth Dynasty a worldwide Comet Catastrophe happened which caused the Biblical Flood. More than half of the world population perished: 2.6 million men (54%). The precipitation was 9 meters of water. The glyphs give an excellent description of the duration of the Disaster. It lasted slightly less than 2 + 2 = 4 months, in reality 110 days. The glyphs also provide an accurate value of the periodicity of the Comet: 575 years. The Comet Catastrophe ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom. – The carvings date from the start of the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom).
Oil City is a town of 11,000 inhabitants on the Allegheny River in northwest Pennsylvania. The River flows south to Pittsburgh, where it joins the Monongahela River and continues as the Ohio River. There is a village several miles northeast of Oil City, at its northern shore. At this site the V-shaped River flows west, after which it bends to the south. A Stone at the bottom of the V-shaped bend of the River has a collection of badly worn petroglyphs (Fig.1). Its height and width on the photo are about 1 and 0.5 meters, respectively. It is a kind of hard sandstone. So, the weathered petroglyphs must be very old.1,2
The most important glyph appears to be a large square at its left edge. Above this glyph is a deeply carved V. A short piece of line appears to run from its bottom to the center of the top edge of the square. Halfway the height of the square are two horizontal pieces of line, one at the left side, and one at the right side. Finally, in the upper left corner of the square is a small glyph, consisting of two vertical pieces of line, with a similar, horizontal piece of line at the top. It resembles the Greek letter Pi, but also a Gate.
Oil City is located at 41.5oN. In antiquity this number was rounded off to 41oN, or 42oN. In Europe, degrees of latitude were already used in the Neolithicum, after c.4800 BC. The site is located at the bottom of the V-shaped river bend, symbolized by the V-shaped carving at the top of the Stone. So, the primary meaning of the square is the important 40th latitude line south of Oil City. It runs from coast to coast, all across the continent of North America.
The square was carved along the left edge of the Stone. It means, America was discovered from the west (via the Pacific) in the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt. It means, America was discovered via the southern Aleutian islands, at the south side of the Bering Sea, at the complementary latitude of 90o - 40o = 50oN. In antiquity the use of complementary latitudes was very common.
It means, America was discovered by the 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of the Fourth Dynasty via this Route. The distance from coast to coast across North America, at 40oN, equals 5 Egyptian Moiras, or 50o, when measured along the equator. It confirms the 5th king Menkaure discovered America via the southern Aleutian islands, at 50oN.
The holy Arctic Circle is located at 67oN. It is the northernmost line the Sun still shines at midwinter day (Sun religion). Oil City is located 1o above the 40th latitude line, at 40o + 1o = 41oN. It shows king Menkaure returned via the Bering Strait, 1° below the Arctic Circle, at 67o - 1o = 66oN. So, he also discovered this Northern Crossing, 66o - 50o = 16o higher!3-11
The square is the symbol of North America, because this continent was discovered in the Fourth Dynasty. However, it is also the symbol of the North Atlantic Ocean, because its size was already known during this Dynasty.
The Southern Crossing starts at the Cape Verde Islands, offshore West Africa, at 16oN (see above). The Nile Delta of Egypt, at 30oN, provides its sailing direction of 30o SSW. The 50th latitude line, just mentioned, illustrates the point of arrival at Cape Sao Roque (the Holy Rock), Brazil, at 5oS. It shows this Crossing, with the wind and the current, was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. Its length of c.2 Moiras, or 20o, encodes the 2nd king Sahure (c.2510-2498 BC) as the discoverer of the Southern Crossing.
King Sahure had to return with his sailing ships to the Old World. The Return Route starts at the East Cape of North America, which is Cape Race, Newfoundland, 5° above Oil City, at 42o + 5o = 47oN. It confirms this Route was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. The initial sailing direction is 20o ESE. It confirms the Route was discovered by the 2nd king Sahure. He sailed, with the wind and the current, over 2 Moiras, or 20o, to the two islands of the West Azores, in the middle of the Ocean. The Azores were already discovered c.3600 BC.
Halfway the height of the square are two horizontal pieces of line, one at the left side, and one at the right side. The first one symbolizes the Crossing from Newfoundland to the West Azores (at 40oN). The second one represents the Crossing from Sta Maria (East Azores) to the Strait of Gibraltar, the entry of the Mediterranean Sea. The two pieces of line confirm the 2nd king Sahure discovered the two southern crossings of the Ocean (back and forth).
Above the square is a deeply carved V. It represents both coasts of South Greenland, which was already discovered c.3200 BC. The Stone is located at the bottom of the V-shaped river bend. So, Cape Farvel, the South Cape of Greenland, appears to be important.
The Northern Crossing of the Ocean runs via three land points: the Shetland Islands, Cape Farvel, Greenland, and Cape Chidley, Canada. It is located at the complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90o - 30o = 60oN. So, the 3rd king Nefererkare (c.2498-2478 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the Northern Crossing. It was the third discovered Crossing of the Ocean.
The holy Tropic of Cancer is located at 23oN. At midsummer day the Sun is there at right angles above. The slow northerly movement of the Sun turns into a southerly movement. So, people believe in the Egyptian SunGod Ra! Far in the east it crosses the River Nile at the same latitude. It was the center of the Southern Egyptian Empire, but also the center of the Sun religion!
The square indicates there were not three, but four Crossings of the Atlantic. The last discovered Crossing starts at Abaco Island, Northern Bahama’s, 4° above the Tropic of Cancer, at 23o + 4o = 27oN. The Return Route runs via the island of Bermuda, 5o above it, at 27o + 5o = 32oN. It shows the Route was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty. The 2nd king Sahure (c.2510-2498 BC) reigned for 12 years, so the sailing distance to Bermuda, 2° above the Nile Delta, at 30o + 2o = 32oN, equals 12 moiras, or 12o.
The Return Route runs via Bermuda to the 9 islands of the Azores. It is confirmed by the 4 + 2 + 2 + 1 = 9 pieces of line of the petroglyph. It confirms the latitude of Bermuda, 9o above the holy Tropic of Cancer, at 23o + 9o = 32oN. It was discovered by the 9th and last king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty. The sailing distance from Bermuda to the three island groups of the Azores (East, Central and West Azores) equals 3 Moiras, or 30o.
The Gate glyph in the upper left corner of the square confirms the discovered crossings. It consists of three strokes, corresponding to the three island groups of the Azores, consisting of nine islands. It confirms the Crossing via the southern Aleutian islands, 9o above Oil City, at 41o + 9o = 50oN. So, it was discovered by the 5th king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty. The single glyph itself confirms the discovery of the Crossing of the Bering Strait, 1o below the Arctic Circle, at 67o - 1o = 66oN.
The two vertical strokes of the Gate glyph confirm the discovery of the two Southern Crossings of the Atlantic by the 2nd king Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty (as encoded by the 50th latitude line, just mentioned). The third, horizontal stroke at the top confirms the discovery of the third, Northern Crossing by the third king Nefererkare. The 9 islands of the Azores (see above) confirm the discovery of the last Crossing via Bermuda, at 23o + 9o = 32oN, to the Azores, consisting of three island groups (the three strokes of the Gate glyph), by the 9th king Unas. The 90o angles of the square confirm this 9th king.12-18
The English word of “Gate” is derived from the name of the ancient town of “Gades” (Cadiz), just outside the Strait of Gibraltar, on the Atlantic coast of South Spain. The Strait of Gibraltar, at 36°N, was the “Gate” for the circumnavigation of the World, having a circumference of 36 Moiras, or 360o. It also was the “Gate” for the Realm of the Dead in the west (America).
Oil City is located between 41o and 42oN, which is between 11o and 12o above the Nile Delta, at 30oN. It suggests the glyph dates from the start of the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom), which is c.2000 BC. The City is located 11 Moiras, or 110o, west of the Nile Delta, when measured along the equator. It suggests a date in the Eleventh Dynasty. However, the glyphs on the Stone consist of a total of 9 + 3 = 12 pieces of line, which appears to confirm the start of the Twelfth Dynasty.
The Gate glyph strongly resembles one of the Trilithons of Stonehenge in South England. Stonehenge is the monument for the discovery of America. It has the same age, c.2000 BC. It is situated at 51oN, 11o above the 40th latitude line and 51o - 39o = 12o above the Azores, confirming the start of the Twelfth Dynasty.16
The three strokes (or stones) also refer to the Mississippi Delta, 30o - 18o = 12o above the south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, confirming the Twelfth Dynasty. It is the center of the Land of Punt, the Realm of the Dead in the west, at 18oN. It is the location of the start of the Olmec civilization.
Both Cahokia near St. Louis, and Washington D.C. (5.5 million inhabitants, 1.0 Moira due east of it), were founded at 39°N, because of the discovery of America by the 5th king Menkaure via the southern Aleutian islands, at 90o - 39o = 51oN. These cities also celebrate the discovery of the Return Route across the Atlantic, with the wind and the current, from Newfoundland to the West Azores, at the same latitude of 39oN, which happened in the Fifth Dynasty. The huge building of the Pentagon (with five equal sides and angles) near Washington D.C., was built at this latitude for the same reason. The USA is a union of 50 States in honor of the Fifth Dynasty, when all the Crossings of the Atlantic were discovered.
The Megalithic Culture of Europe possessed two major religious centers, an old one on the island of Malta, at 36oN, and a later one in the Boyne Valley, Ireland, at 90o - 36o = 54oN. Both centers deal with the spreading of the Sun religion over the planet Earth, having a circumference of 36 Moiras, or 360o. The circumference of the Earth equals 40,000 km. This round number of five figures is in honor of the 5th king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty, who discovered America.
Above the square is a deeply carved V. It represents both coasts of South Greenland, which was already discovered c.3200 BC. The Stone is located at the bottom of the V-shaped river bend. So, Cape Farvel, the South Cape of Greenland, appears to be very important (see also Fig.2).
The Biblical Flood was caused by a Comet Catastrophe. In antiquity, the Head of a Comet was symbolized by the island of Greenland, consisting of ice and stones. The Tail of a Comet was symbolized by the North Atlantic Ocean, which contains a huge amount of water.
It happened at the start of the Sixth Dynasty, as shown by the latitude of Cape Farvel, at 60oN. A short piece of line runs from the bottom of the V to the center of the top edge of the square. It shows the Calamity occurred during the reign of the 1st king Tety (c.2370-2338 BC) of this Dynasty. This is correct, because it happened c.2344 BC (tree ring dating).19-27
The deeply carved V consists of two pieces of line. It means the Disaster was a two stage event. – The Nile Delta is located at 30oN, encoding the 30 days of the month. So, the duration is expressed in days, but maybe also in months. Cape Farvel is located at the complementary latitude of 90o - 30o = 60oN. So, the first time period lasted 60 days, or two months, when the Earth was inside the Tail of the Comet (or Comet Swarm). The two lines of the V confirm it (see also Fig.2).
The falling stones were causing horrible forest fires, and the melting ice resulted in torrential rains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth. The second time period also lasted 60 days, or two months, when the Earth was outside the Tail of the Comet, again. The two lines of the V confirm it. The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains continued, but it also became extremely cold. So, the rains changed into ferocious snow and hail storms.
Halfway the height of the square are two horizontal pieces of line, one at the left side, and one at the right side. These confirm the Disaster was a two stage event. These also confirm each of the stages lasted two months. The square confirms the total duration of the Catastrophe lasted 2x2 = 4 months, or 4x30 = 120 days. The glyphs on the Stone consist of a total of 9 + 3 = 12 pieces of line, which appear to confirm it. The "complementary latitude" of Cape Farvel on the Northern Hemisphere equals 180o - 60o = 120o, confirming the total duration of 120 days.
Oil City is located between 41oN and 42oN, which is between 11o and 12o above the Nile Delta, at 30oN. It means, that the carvers were aware of the fact that the duration might have been exaggerated. The true duration of the Flood might have been 110 days. The City is located 11 Moiras, or 110o, west of the Nile Delta, when measured along the equator. It confirms this corrected value.
The Stone at Oil City is located at 42oN. The East Cape of Newfoundland (and North America) is located at the complementary latitude of 90o - 42o = 48oN. It encodes the world population before the Comet Catastrophe: 4.8 million men. The square and the three pieces of line above it correspond to the 4 + 3 = 7 figures of this number. The two lines of the V show about half of the world population perished. The two horizontal pieces of line inside the square confirm it. The “relative latitude” of the East Cape encodes the exact number of casualties: (48/90)x4.8 = 2.6 million men (54%). So, there were 4.8 - 2.6 = 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were seriously injured.
The meridian of Oil City hits the east coast of Florida at 26oN, encoding the 2.6 million casualties. It leaves the east coast of South Carolina 33o - 26o = 7o above it, in agreement with the 7 figures of this number. It leaves the south coast of Cuba at 22oN, encoding the 2.2 million survivors. The 26o - 22o = 4o difference in latitude confirms the four months duration of the Comet Catastrophe.
The Bering Strait is located 66o - 40o = 26o above the 40th latitude line. It confirms the 2.6 million victims. The south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, is located 40o - 18o = 22o below this line, confirming the 2.2 million survivors. The line itself confirms the four months duration of the Flood.
The island of Bimini offshore Florida is located at 26oN. It confirms the number of casualties: 2.6 million men. It is located 48o - 26o = 22o below the East Cape of North America, corresponding to the 2.2 million survivors.
The Central Azores are situated at 38oN. These are located 60o - 38o = 22o below Cape Farvel, the South Cape of Greenland, confirming the 2.2 million survivors. These consist of five islands, referring to the Fifth Dynasty which was ended because of the Flood. These islands are located 38o - 12o = 26o above Cape Gallinas, the North Cape of South America, confirming the 2.6 million casualties (54%). Cape Gallinas, at 12oN, confirms the duration of the Disaster: c.120 days.
The four angles of the square on the Stone total to 4x90 = 360°. It corresponds to the latitude of Cape Hatteras, the east cape of the US, and to the Strait of Gibraltar, both at 36oN. It corresponds to the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moiras, or 360o. It shows it was a worldwide Disaster! The complementary latitude at 90o - 36o = 54oN encodes the percentage of victims, 54%.
Including the two horizontal lines the square consists of 2 + 4 = 6 pieces of line, encoding the Sixth Dynasty, when the Comet Catastrophe occurred. Together with the two deeply carved lines of the V (South Greenland), it contains 6 + 2 = 8 pieces of line, encoding the total precipitation during the Flood of about 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11 = 8.8, or 9 meters of water.
The East Cape of North America is located 48o - 40o = 8o above the 40th latitude line, confirming it. The island of Bermuda is located 40o - 32o = 8o below this line, confirming it, too. The islands of Madeira are located 41o - 33o = 8o below the Stone at Oil City, confirming it, again. The Central Azores are located 38o - 30o = 8o above the Nile Delta, confirming it, once again. West Cuba and the Yucatan Peninsula are located 30o - 22o = 8o below the Mississippi Delta, confirming it, too.
The total precipitation during the Biblical Flood was 9 meters of water on the entire surface of the planet Earth (c.2344 BC). It corresponds to an ice ball with a volume of 5x106 km3, having a diameter of 200 km (or 130 miles). This dirty ice ball, with stones, ended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
The Biblical Flood had a profound influence on the climate on Earth. The three lines on top of the square (as well as the Gate glyph) illustrate this colder and dryer time period lasted for three centuries, from c.2344 BC till c.2000 BC, which is at the start of the Twelfth Dynasty (Middle Kingdom). People used feathers of birds in their coats for protection against these colder conditions.
Oil City is located 42o - 36o = 6o above Cape Hatteras and Gibraltar, at 36°N, encoding the worldwide Catastrophe which happened in the Sixth Dynasty. Cape Hatteras and Gibraltar are located 36o - 30o = 6o above the Nile and Mississippi Delta’s, confirming it.
Cape Farvel, the south cape of Greenland, is located at 60oN (see also Fig.2). It also encodes the approximate periodicity of the Comet which caused the Biblical Flood, c.600 years. The complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90o - 60o = 30oN, confirms the 3 figures of this number. The three island groups of the Azores confirm it, too.
The Stone at Oil City is located at 41.5oN. The glyph which deals with the Comet Catastrophe contains a total of 4 + 2 + 3 = 9 pieces of line. It encodes the latitude of the huge monument of Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, 9o below it, at 41.5o - 9o = 32.5oN. Its complementary latitude of 90o - 32.5o = 57.5oN encodes the exact periodicity of this Comet: 575 years.
The island of Bermuda, at 32oN, was discovered by the 9th and last king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty, who reigned during 33 years. This Dynasty was ended because of the Comet Catastrophe. The island of Madeira, at 33oN, confirms the duration of his reign.
The Disaster happened during the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC) of the Sixth Dynasty, who reigned during 32 years, as confirmed by the latitude of Bermuda (at 32oN). The average latitude of Madeira and Bermuda equals the latitude of Poverty Point, 9° below Oil City, at 32.5oN. Its complementary latitude of 57.5oN confirms the exact periodicity of 575 years.
It predicts a possible Comet Catastrophe with serious consequences on Earth in the future year of 8x575 - 2344 = 2256 AD, which is 2256 - 2012 = 244 years from now (2012)! So, we have a time period of almost 2.5 centuries to take adequate measurements to minimize the number of casualties. Note, that the present world population equals 7 billion men (a number of 10 figures)!28-36
The 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos) of the Fourth Dynasty discovered America via the Bering Sea. The American archaeologist G.A. Reisner of the Harvard Museum of Fine Arts was the leader of the excavation of his Pyramid in Gizeh (near Cairo), between 1906 and 1910. It might be considered as the first small pyramid of this Dynasty, a tradition which was continued after him ever since. The slope of its four sides equals 51 degrees, encoding the latitude of the southern Aleutian islands, at 51oN. King Menkaure is famous for his many beautiful statues. The name of the land of “Korea” might be derived from this king. It is possible, that the name of the town of “Mycenae” and the “Mycenaean culture” (1450-1150 BC) are called after his Greek name. His temple was completely rebuilt in the Sixth Dynasty after a “flooding” (obviously caused by the Comet Catastrophe).37
The 2nd king Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the two southern crossings of the North Atlantic Ocean. His Pyramid is the first one located in Abusir ("Home of the god Osiris"), at the NW side of the Lake, which is just south of Gizeh. The 200-meter long procession road from the valley temple to his Pyramid is oriented due west. The groundplan of the pyramid temple is called the conceptual start of all other temples of the Old Kingdom. The walls of the complex were covered with reliefs having a surface area of c.10,000 square meters. These belong to the oldest of their kind. Behind an open space is a passage at right angles for the interior part of the temple. On the eastern wall are reliefs about sea voyages, one of the earliest about this subject. In the hart of the temple copper tubing is used for drainage purposes, probably imported from the Lake Superior region.11,28 It is probable, that the Sahara desert is called after this king.
The 3rd king Nefererkare discovered the northern crossing of the Atlantic. His larger Pyramid was built besides the one of his predecessor Sahure, but more to the west. The slope of its four sides was clearly steeper compared to the pyramid of Sahure. The 380-meter long procession road from the valley temple to his Pyramid is oriented due west, again. The complex is especially known for the Abusir papyri, which deal with the Pyramid of Nefererkare.
The 9th and last king Unas of the Fifth Dynasty discovered the Return Route via the island of Bermuda to the Azores. His Pyramid is located in North Saqqara, a little southeast of Abusir. Its size is comparable with the one of Sahure, but the orientation of the 750-meter long, curved procession road is completely different. Only a small portion of the reliefs are preserved, but these show sailing ships and people working on copper and gold (from America). South of the procession road are two 45-meter long boat pits. However, king Unas is especially famous for the pyramid texts in his burial chamber, the oldest of their kind. It is highly probable, that these mysterious texts and the many stars on the ceilings refer to the Comet Catastrophe, which ended the Fifth Dynasty. These stars and pyramid texts were present in almost all pyramids of the next, Sixth Dynasty (c.2370-2189 BC), which was the last one of the Old Kingdom.
The Comet Catastrophe or Biblical Flood happened during the reign of the 1st king Teti of the Sixth Dynasty. His Pyramid is located close to the one of his predecessor king Unas of the previous, Fifth Dynasty. It is characteristic for the transition to the standard features of the pyramid temples of the Sixth Dynasty. (However, the valley temple near the lake is lacking.) The walls of his burial chamber were decorated with pyramid texts, and there were stars on the ceilings, again. His sarcophacus is the first one with pyramid texts, and also the roof of his chapel was decorated with stars. These all refer to the Comet Catastrophe, which killed more than half of the Egyptian population, and seriously wounded almost all survivors.
In many cultures on Earth the number "six" (of the Sixth Dynasty) means "death". In the language of the Maya civilization (c.2000 BC to 900 AD) the 6th day was called "Cimi", meaning "death". The English words of "Cemetery" and "Cometary" are related to it. In the later Aztec Culture (c.1250-1520 AD) the 6th day was called "Miquiztli", meaning "death", too. If you are "sick" (compare with "Six"), you have an illness. The Greek word of "hexa" means "six" (of the Sixth Dynasty). Note, that a "hex" is a witch, who brings evil. When she sits on a broomstick and flies through the air, she resembles a Comet bringing Catastrophe.
The name of king "Teti" lives on in words like "to test", "to testify", "testimony", and "testament". The two books of the Bible are named after this king (Old Testament and New Testament). The slopes of all Pyramids of the Sixth Dynasty is 54 degrees, encoding the percentage of victims of the Biblical Flood, 54%. The complementary angle of 90 - 54 = 36 degrees shows it was a worldwide Disaster, because the circumference of the Earth is 36 Moiras, or 360 degrees. However, king Teti also wanted to remind his people to the glorious days of the Old Kingdom. Some square granite columns in his pyramid complex resemble those of the Fourth Dynasty, and some altars in his temple resemble those of Sahure, Nefererkare and Unas of the Fifth Dynasty.37
1. Thomas Anderton, personal communication.
2. Midwestern Epigraphic Society, Website: www.midwesternepigraphic.org
3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A Guide to Megalithic Sites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com
4. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98083. Website: www.rocksandrows.com
5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge
6. Pellech, Chr., Website: www.migration-diffusion.info
7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5.
8. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
9. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
10. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
11. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
12. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Discovery of the Islands in the Ocean (Cairn T, Loughcrew, Co. Meath, Ireland, c.3200 BC)” (2011), Ref.5, to be published.
13. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Passage Grave of Karleby, Encoding the Islands Discovered in the Ocean, c.2950 BC", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.5, No.18, pgs.64-74 (2004), Ref.6.
14. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Three Rivers Petroglyph, A Guidepost for River Travel in America", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.3, No.12, pgs.74-100 (2002), Ref.6.
15. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, America’s Stonehenge, New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15, pgs.60-100 (2003), Ref.6.
16. De Jonge, R.M., “Stonehenge, Monument for the Discovery of America (Salisbury Plain, South England, c.2000 BC) (2011), Refs.5,6, to be published.
17. De Jonge, R.M., “Tripod Rock, Pyramid Mountain (Morris County, New Jersey, c.1900 BC)” (2011), Refs.-5,6, to be published.
18. De Jonge, R.M., “Anglo-Saxon Cemetery Artifacts (Sittingbourne, Kent, SE England, c.650 AD)” (2011), Refs.5,6, to be published.
19. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizations, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).
20. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Dated Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.19, pgs.109-117.
21. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.19, pgs.117-140.
22. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”, Ref.19, pgs.93-109.
23. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.
24. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.
25. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont, 2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).
26. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd., London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3).
27. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (thirteen articles), Webpage: http://www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html
28. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, 300 pgs., Netherlands (2008). Website: www.slideshare.net/drsrmdejonge
29. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.
30. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
31. De Jonge, R.M., “The Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, Nigeria)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
32. De Jonge, R.M., “Great Serpent Mound (c.2300 BC, Adams County, Ohio)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
33. De Jonge, R.M., “Gold Ring (Grand Canyon, Arizona, c.1450 BC) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
34. De Jonge, R.M., “The Swan Stone (Burrows Cave, near Olney, Illinois)” (2011), Ref.5 , to be published.
35. De Jonge, R.M., “Sentinel Rock, Vermont (Discovery of America and Biblical Flood, c.1900 BC)” (2011), Refs.5,6, to be published.
36. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
37. Wilkinson, R.H., Tempels van het Oude Egypte, Bosch & Keuning, Baarn (2001) (ISBN 90-246-0608-x). (Dutch)